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Why and How Does Empowering Leadership Promote Proactive Work Behavior? An Examination with a Serial Mediation Model among Hotel Employees

Department of Hotel and Restaurant Management, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, 1, Shufu Road, Neipu, Pingtung 912301, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Sunghyup Sean Hyun
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2386; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052386
Received: 17 January 2021 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
With the increasing competition in contemporary enterprise, sustainable human resource management is a powerful resource for workplace mental health. On the basis of job demands-recourses theory and conservation of resources theory, this study examined the relationship between empowering leadership and employees’ proactive work behavior. It also explored how job design inspires employees to be embedded in their work and to exhibit proactive work behavior. In addition, the research probed the mediating roles of job characteristics and job embeddedness in a serial mediation model within an integrated model. Data were collected from 461 employees of three- to five-star hotels through stratified random sampling. Results indicated that (1) empowering leadership has positive influences on job characteristics and proactive work behavior; (2) job characteristics have a positive influence on job embeddedness; (3) job embeddedness has a positive influence on proactive work behavior; (4) job characteristics mediate the effect of empowering leadership on proactive work behavior; (5) job embeddedness mediates the effect of empowering leadership on proactive work behavior; and (6) job characteristics and job embeddedness jointly mediate the effect of empowering leadership on proactive work behavior by bootstrapping analyses. Accordingly, this study suggests that promoting sustainable human resource management is needed for human health and organizational value at work, both of which enable empowering leadership to improve proactive work behavior via job characteristics and job embeddedness. The theoretical and managerial implications of empirical findings are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable human resource management; human health; empowering leadership; job characteristics; job embeddedness; proactive work behavior sustainable human resource management; human health; empowering leadership; job characteristics; job embeddedness; proactive work behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.-J.; Yang, I-H. Why and How Does Empowering Leadership Promote Proactive Work Behavior? An Examination with a Serial Mediation Model among Hotel Employees. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2386. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052386

AMA Style

Wang C-J, Yang I-H. Why and How Does Empowering Leadership Promote Proactive Work Behavior? An Examination with a Serial Mediation Model among Hotel Employees. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2386. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052386

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Chung-Jen; Yang, I-Hsiu. 2021. "Why and How Does Empowering Leadership Promote Proactive Work Behavior? An Examination with a Serial Mediation Model among Hotel Employees" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2386. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052386

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