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Open AccessArticle

Bicycle Rider Behavior and Crash Involvement in Australia

Monash University Accident Research Centre, Clayton 3800, Australia
Transport Research Centre Verne, Tampere University, 33014 Tampere, Finland
Faculty of Psychology—INTRAS Research Centre, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gabriella Mazzulla
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2378;
Received: 18 January 2021 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This research investigated how behaviours and attitudes of bicycle riders influence crash frequency and severity. The study recruited 1102 Australian bicycle riders for an online survey. The survey comprised questions on demographics, frequency of riding and the number and severity of traffic crashes during the last five years. The survey included the Cycling Behaviour Questionnaire and the Cyclist Risk Perception and Regulation Scale. Overall, there were low levels of errors and violations reported by participants indicating that these behaviours were on average never or rarely exhibited while riding a bicycle. Conversely, participants reported high levels of engagement in positive behaviours and reported high levels of traffic rule knowledge and risk perception. Higher rates of violations and errors were associated with increased crash likelihood, while higher rates of positive behaviours were associated with reduced rates of crash involvement in a period of 5 years. The findings highlight the relationship between errors, total crashes and crash severity Further promotion of positive behaviours amongst riders may also help to reduce the risk of crashes. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycling; behaviour; road safety cycling; behaviour; road safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

O’Hern, S.; Estgfaeller, N.; Stephens, A.N.; Useche, S.A. Bicycle Rider Behavior and Crash Involvement in Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2378.

AMA Style

O’Hern S, Estgfaeller N, Stephens AN, Useche SA. Bicycle Rider Behavior and Crash Involvement in Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2378.

Chicago/Turabian Style

O’Hern, Steve; Estgfaeller, Nora; Stephens, Amanda N.; Useche, Sergio A. 2021. "Bicycle Rider Behavior and Crash Involvement in Australia" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2378.

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