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Article

Cardiovascular Autonomic Control, Sleep and Health Related Quality of Life in Systemic Sclerosis

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
3
Scleroderma Unit, Referral Center for Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
4
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Biomedical Institute, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói 24210-130, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors equally contributed to the manuscript.
Academic Editor: Savino Sciascia
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2276; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052276
Received: 23 November 2020 / Revised: 12 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 25 February 2021
Chronic pain and dysautonomic symptoms deteriorate Systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients’ health-related quality of life with serious repercussions on social life and even on sleep. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) analysis can identify cardiovascular autonomic control impairment in subclinical condition. The aim of the present observational cross-sectional study was to assess the relationship between dysautonomic symptoms, quality of life status and cardiovascular autonomic profile. ECG and respiration were recorded at rest in 20 SSc patients. HRV analysis was performed using two different approaches: Linear spectral analysis and non-linear symbolic analysis. Pain was evaluated using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and 3 questionnaires were administered for the evaluation of sleep quality (PSQI), mood tone (PHQ-9) and disability (HAQ). We found that sleep impairment was related to sympathetic predominance at rest measured as low-frequency/high-frequency ratio (LF/HF) (r = 0.48 and p = 0.033); poorer sleep quality was related to higher pain values (r = 0.48 and p = 0.034) and depressive symptoms (r = 0.82 and p < 0.01); higher pain scores were related to higher cardiovascular vagal modulation and higher disability indexes (r = 0.47 and p = 0.038 & r = 0.55 and p = 0.012, respectively). In conclusion dysautonomia and chronic pain showed a severe impact on sleep quality and disability with a consequent worsening of depressive symptom in our cohort of SSc patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: Systemic sclerosis; autonomic nervous system; heart rate variability; health related quality of life; chronic pain; sleep; depression; sympathetic Systemic sclerosis; autonomic nervous system; heart rate variability; health related quality of life; chronic pain; sleep; depression; sympathetic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carandina, A.; Bellocchi, C.; Dias Rodrigues, G.; Beretta, L.; Montano, N.; Tobaldini, E. Cardiovascular Autonomic Control, Sleep and Health Related Quality of Life in Systemic Sclerosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2276. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052276

AMA Style

Carandina A, Bellocchi C, Dias Rodrigues G, Beretta L, Montano N, Tobaldini E. Cardiovascular Autonomic Control, Sleep and Health Related Quality of Life in Systemic Sclerosis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2276. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052276

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carandina, Angelica, Chiara Bellocchi, Gabriel Dias Rodrigues, Lorenzo Beretta, Nicola Montano, and Eleonora Tobaldini. 2021. "Cardiovascular Autonomic Control, Sleep and Health Related Quality of Life in Systemic Sclerosis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2276. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052276

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