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Prevalence and Risk Factors of COVID-19 Symptoms among U.S. Adults with Allergies

1
Department of Community Health Sciences, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA
2
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Medicine, UNC Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
3
Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33146, USA
4
Division of Allergy/Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Finiki Nearchou and Cliodhna O’Connor
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2231; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052231
Received: 19 December 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 24 February 2021
Background: This study sought to evaluate COVID-19 associated physical and mental health symptoms among adults with allergies compared to the general U.S. adult population. Methods: Data for these analyses were obtained from the publicly available COVID-19 Household Impact Survey, which provides national and regional statistics about physical health, mental health, economic security, and social dynamics among U.S. adults (ages 18 and older). Data from 20–26 April 2020; 4–10 May 2020; and 30 May–8 June 2020 were included. Our primary outcomes for this analysis were physical and mental health symptoms experienced in the last seven days. The primary predictor was participants’ self-report of a physician diagnosis of an allergy. Results/Discussion: This study included 10,760 participants, of whom 44% self-reported having allergies. Adults with allergies were more likely to report physical symptoms compared to adults without allergies including fever (aOR 1.7, 95% CI 1.44–1.99), cough (aOR 1.9, 95% CI 1.60–2.26), shortness of breath (aOR 2.04, 95% CI 1.71–2.43), and loss of taste or sense of smell (aOR 1.9, 95% CI 1.58–2.28). Adults with allergies were more likely to report feeling nervous (cOR 1.34, 95% CI 1.13, 1.60), depressed (cOR 1.32, 95% CI 1.11–1.57), lonely (cOR 1.23, 95% CI 1.04–1.47), hopeless (cOR 1.44, 95% CI 1.21–1.72), or having physical reactions when thinking about COVID-19 pandemic (cOR 2.01, 95% CI 1.44–2.82), compared to those without allergies. During the COVID-19 pandemic, adults with allergies are more likely to report physical and mental health symptoms compared to individuals without allergies. These findings have important implications for diagnostic and treatment challenges for allergy physicians. View Full-Text
Keywords: allergy; COVID-19; coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2 allergy; COVID-19; coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2
MDPI and ACS Style

Camacho-Rivera, M.; Islam, J.Y.; Vidot, D.C.; Jariwala, S. Prevalence and Risk Factors of COVID-19 Symptoms among U.S. Adults with Allergies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052231

AMA Style

Camacho-Rivera M, Islam JY, Vidot DC, Jariwala S. Prevalence and Risk Factors of COVID-19 Symptoms among U.S. Adults with Allergies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052231

Chicago/Turabian Style

Camacho-Rivera, Marlene; Islam, Jessica Y.; Vidot, Denise C.; Jariwala, Sunit. 2021. "Prevalence and Risk Factors of COVID-19 Symptoms among U.S. Adults with Allergies" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052231

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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