Socioeconomic Factors Related to Job Satisfaction among Formal Care Workers in Nursing Homes for Older Dependent Adults
Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Departamento de Economía Política, Hacienda Pública, Estadística Económica y Empresarial y Política Económica, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Centro de Estudios Sociosanitarios (CESS), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Grupo de Investigación en Economía, Alimentación y Sociedad (GEAS), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Departamento de Análisis Económico y Finanzas, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and Tea Lallukka
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2152; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042152
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 6 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Economics of Caring)
Population ageing is increasing the demand for dependent care. Aged care nursing homes are facilities that provide formal care for dependent older persons. Determining the level of job satisfaction among workers in nursing homes and the associated factors is key to enhancing their well-being and the quality of care. A cross-sectional survey was administered online to nursing home workers (n = 256) in an inland region of Spain over the period from February to May 2017. The questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic variables and others related to training and job satisfaction. The results show that most of the care is delivered by women with a medium level of education. A total of 68% of workers had received formal training, although a significant percentage (65%) thought this was not useful. The highest level of satisfaction was found to be related to users and co-workers. Our factor analysis revealed that the satisfaction components are decision-making, working conditions—e.g., schedule—and the work environment—e.g., relationship with coworkers—. Length of service and working with highly dependent persons are negatively associated with these components. Working in social health care is negatively related to decision-making and working conditions. Training, in contrast, is positively associated with these components. Care is a job that requires appropriate training and preparation to provide quality assistance and to guarantee workers’ well-being.