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Open AccessArticle

Psychological Distress and Well-Being among Students of Health Disciplines: The Importance of Academic Satisfaction

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School of Health Sciences Geneva, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Avenue de Champel 47, 1206 Geneva, Switzerland
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Department of Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Boulevard de la Cluse 51, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
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Faculty of Psychology, University of Geneva, Boulevard du Pont-d’Arve 40, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
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Faculty of Psychology, Swiss Distance University Institute, 3900 Brig, Switzerland
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Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
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School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, Rue Michel-Servet 1, 1206 Geneva, Switzerland
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Rue Michel-Servet 1, 1206 Geneva, Switzerland
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Australian Centre for Public and Population Health Research, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and Christiane Stock
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2151; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042151
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
Background: Research on the mental health of students in health disciplines mainly focuses on psychological distress and nursing and medical students. This study aimed to investigate the psychological well-being and distress and related factors among undergraduate students training in eight different health-related tracks in Geneva, Switzerland. Methods: This cross-sectional study used established self-filled scales for anxiety, depression, stress, psychological well-being, and study satisfaction. Descriptive statistics and hierarchical regression analyses were applied. Results: In October 2019, out of 2835 invited students, 915 (32%) completed the survey. Lower academic satisfaction scores were strongly associated with depression (β = −0.26, p < 0.001), anxiety (β = −0.27, p < 0.001), and stress (β = −0.70, p < 0.001), while higher scores were associated with psychological well-being (β = 0.70, p < 0.001). Being female was strongly associated with anxiety and stress but not with depression or psychological well-being. Increased age was associated with enhanced psychological well-being. The nature of the academic training had a lesser impact on mental health and the academic year had none. Conclusion: Academic satisfaction strongly predicts depression, anxiety, stress, and psychological well-being. Training institutions should address the underlying factors that can improve students’ satisfaction with their studies while ensuring that they have access to psychosocial services that help them cope with mental distress and enhance their psychological well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; psychological well-being; depression; anxiety; stress; undergraduate students; bachelor’s degree students; student academic satisfaction mental health; psychological well-being; depression; anxiety; stress; undergraduate students; bachelor’s degree students; student academic satisfaction
MDPI and ACS Style

Franzen, J.; Jermann, F.; Ghisletta, P.; Rudaz, S.; Bondolfi, G.; Tran, N.T. Psychological Distress and Well-Being among Students of Health Disciplines: The Importance of Academic Satisfaction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2151. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042151

AMA Style

Franzen J, Jermann F, Ghisletta P, Rudaz S, Bondolfi G, Tran NT. Psychological Distress and Well-Being among Students of Health Disciplines: The Importance of Academic Satisfaction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2151. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042151

Chicago/Turabian Style

Franzen, Jessica; Jermann, Françoise; Ghisletta, Paolo; Rudaz, Serge; Bondolfi, Guido; Tran, Nguyen T. 2021. "Psychological Distress and Well-Being among Students of Health Disciplines: The Importance of Academic Satisfaction" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 2151. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042151

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