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A School-Based Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote Cycling to School in Adolescents: The PACO Study

1
PROFITH “PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity” Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain
2
“La Inmaculada” Teacher Training Centre, University of Granada, 18013 Granada, Spain
3
PROFITH “PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity” Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 52005 Melilla, Spain
4
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
5
IRyS Group, School of Physical Education, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, 2374631 Valparaíso, Chile
6
Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
7
AFIPS Research Group, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
8
Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
9
Department of Teaching of Musical, Visual and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
10
Physical Activity for Health, Health Research Institute, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, V94 T9PX Limerick, Ireland
11
School of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, 1142 Auckland, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Christiane Stock and Gregory Heath
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2066; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042066
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Promotion of Active Commuting to School)
This manuscript describes the rationale and protocol of a school-based randomized controlled trial called “Cycling and Walk to School” (PACO, by its Spanish acronym) that aims to promote cycling to and from school and physical activity (PA) in adolescents. This study will examine the effects of this intervention in cycling and active commuting to and from school (ACS), PA and several ACS-related factors based on self-determination theory (SDT) and a social-ecological model (SEM). A total of 360 adolescents attending six high schools (three experimental and three control) from three Spanish cities will participate in this randomized controlled trial. The intervention (four cycling sessions; 1–2 h per session, one session per week) will be conducted by the research staff; the control group will continue their usual activities. PA levels will be measured by accelerometers, whereas ACS and the other study variables will be self-reported using questionnaires at baseline and post-intervention. The primary outcomes will be: rates of cycling to school, ACS and PA levels. In addition, SDT-related variables and individual, interpersonal, community, and environment variables relevant to ACS will be based on SEM. The findings will provide a comprehensive understanding of the short-term effects of this school-based intervention on cycling to school behaviour, ACS and PA levels in Spanish adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: active transport; youth; bicycle; exercise; school intervention active transport; youth; bicycle; exercise; school intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chillón, P.; Gálvez-Fernández, P.; Huertas-Delgado, F.J.; Herrador-Colmenero, M.; Barranco-Ruiz, Y.; Villa-González, E.; Aranda-Balboa, M.J.; Saucedo-Araujo, R.G.; Campos-Garzón, P.; Molina-Soberanes, D.; Segura-Díaz, J.M.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, F.; Lara-Sánchez, A.J.; Queralt, A.; Molina-García, J.; Bengoechea, E.G.; Mandic, S. A School-Based Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote Cycling to School in Adolescents: The PACO Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2066. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042066

AMA Style

Chillón P, Gálvez-Fernández P, Huertas-Delgado FJ, Herrador-Colmenero M, Barranco-Ruiz Y, Villa-González E, Aranda-Balboa MJ, Saucedo-Araujo RG, Campos-Garzón P, Molina-Soberanes D, Segura-Díaz JM, Rodríguez-Rodríguez F, Lara-Sánchez AJ, Queralt A, Molina-García J, Bengoechea EG, Mandic S. A School-Based Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote Cycling to School in Adolescents: The PACO Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2066. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042066

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chillón, Palma; Gálvez-Fernández, Patricia; Huertas-Delgado, Francisco J.; Herrador-Colmenero, Manuel; Barranco-Ruiz, Yaira; Villa-González, Emilio; Aranda-Balboa, María J.; Saucedo-Araujo, Romina G.; Campos-Garzón, Pablo; Molina-Soberanes, Daniel; Segura-Díaz, José M.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Fernando; Lara-Sánchez, Amador J.; Queralt, Ana; Molina-García, Javier; Bengoechea, Enrique G.; Mandic, Sandra. 2021. "A School-Based Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote Cycling to School in Adolescents: The PACO Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 2066. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042066

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