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Article

Coping with COVID-19: The Strategies Adapted by Pakistani Students to Overcome Implications

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School of Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor’s University, No. 1, Jalan Taylors, Subang Jaya 47500, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Accounting, Prince Sultan University, P.O. Box 66833, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
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Deanship of Educational Services, Prince Sultan University, P.O. Box 66833, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
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College of Business Administration, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, 4 Embankment Drive Road, Sector-10, Uttara Model Town, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
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School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1799; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041799
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 1 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
COVID-19 has speedily immersed the globe with 72+ million cases and 1.64 million deaths, in a span of around one year, disturbing and deteriorating almost every sphere of life. This study investigates how students in Pakistan have coped with the COVID-19. Zung’s self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) was used for measuring anxiety and the coping strategies were measured on four strategies i.e., seeking social support, humanitarian, acceptance, and mental disengagement. Among 494 respondents, 61% were females and 77.3% of the students were in the age group of 19–25 years. The study findings indicate that approximately 41 percent of students are experiencing some level of anxiety, including 16% with severe to extreme levels. Seeking social support seemed to be the least preferred coping strategy and that female students seek social support, humanitarian, and acceptance coping strategies more than males. Students used both emotion-based and problem-based coping strategies. The variables of gender, age, ethnicity, level and type of study, and living arrangement of the students were associated with usage of coping strategies. Findings showing that students do not prefer to seek social support. The study outcomes will provide basic data for university policies in Pakistan and the other countries with same cultural contexts to design and place better mental health provisions for students. View Full-Text
Keywords: coping strategies; anxiety; adaptive/maladaptive; problem-focused coping; students; mental health; COVID-19; Pakistan coping strategies; anxiety; adaptive/maladaptive; problem-focused coping; students; mental health; COVID-19; Pakistan
MDPI and ACS Style

Baloch, G.M.; Kamaludin, K.; Chinna, K.; Sundarasen, S.; Nurunnabi, M.; Khoshaim, H.B.; Hossain, S.F.A.; Sukayt, A.A.; Baloch, L.G. Coping with COVID-19: The Strategies Adapted by Pakistani Students to Overcome Implications. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041799

AMA Style

Baloch GM, Kamaludin K, Chinna K, Sundarasen S, Nurunnabi M, Khoshaim HB, Hossain SFA, Sukayt AA, Baloch LG. Coping with COVID-19: The Strategies Adapted by Pakistani Students to Overcome Implications. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041799

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baloch, Gul Muhammad, Kamilah Kamaludin, Karuthan Chinna, Sheela Sundarasen, Mohammad Nurunnabi, Heba Bakr Khoshaim, Syed Far Abid Hossain, Areej Al Sukayt, and Laareb Gul Baloch. 2021. "Coping with COVID-19: The Strategies Adapted by Pakistani Students to Overcome Implications" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041799

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