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Article

Participation Restrictions among Children and Young Adults with Acquired Brain Injury in a Pediatric Outpatient Rehabilitation Cohort: The Patients’ and Parents’ Perspective

1
Basalt Rehabilitation Center, Department of Innovation, Quality and Research, 2543 SW The Hague, The Netherlands
2
Department of Occupational Therapy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
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National Department Level, Specialists in Youth and Families, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Orthopaedics, Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands
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Centre of Expertsie in Health Innovations, The Hague University of Applied Sciences, 2521 EN The Hague, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dana Anaby
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1625; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041625
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 8 February 2021
Improving participation is an important aim in outpatient rehabilitation treatment. Knowledge regarding participation restrictions in children and young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) is scarce and little is known regarding the differences in perspectives between patients and parents in the outpatient rehabilitation setting. The aims are to describe participation restrictions among children/young adults (5–24 years) with ABI and investigating differences between patients’ and parents’ perspectives. At admission in 10 rehabilitation centers, patients and parents were asked to complete the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP; score 0–100; lower score = more restrictions) and injury/patient/family-related questions. CASP scores were categorized (full/somewhat-limited/limited/very-limited participation). Patient/parent-reported outcomes were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. 223 patients and 245 parents participated (209 paired-samples). Median patients’ age was 14 years (IQR; 11–16), 135 were female (52%), 195 had traumatic brain injury (75%). The median CASP score reported by patients was 82.5 (IQR: 67.5–90) and by parents 91.3 (IQR: 80.0–97.5) (difference = p < 0.05). The score of 58 patients (26%) and 25 parents (10%) was classified as ‘very-limited’. Twenty-six percent of children and young adults referred for rehabilitation after ABI had “very-limited” participation. Overall, parents rated their child’s participation better than patients themselves. Quantifying participation restrictions after ABI and considering both perspectives is important for outpatient rehabilitation treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: participation; rehabilitation; acquired brain injury; pediatric; patient-report; parent-report participation; rehabilitation; acquired brain injury; pediatric; patient-report; parent-report
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MDPI and ACS Style

Allonsius, F.; de Kloet, A.; Bedell, G.; van Markus-Doornbosch, F.; Rosema, S.; Meesters, J.; Vliet Vlieland, T.; van der Holst, M. Participation Restrictions among Children and Young Adults with Acquired Brain Injury in a Pediatric Outpatient Rehabilitation Cohort: The Patients’ and Parents’ Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1625. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041625

AMA Style

Allonsius F, de Kloet A, Bedell G, van Markus-Doornbosch F, Rosema S, Meesters J, Vliet Vlieland T, van der Holst M. Participation Restrictions among Children and Young Adults with Acquired Brain Injury in a Pediatric Outpatient Rehabilitation Cohort: The Patients’ and Parents’ Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1625. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041625

Chicago/Turabian Style

Allonsius, Florian, Arend de Kloet, Gary Bedell, Frederike van Markus-Doornbosch, Stefanie Rosema, Jorit Meesters, Thea Vliet Vlieland, and Menno van der Holst. 2021. "Participation Restrictions among Children and Young Adults with Acquired Brain Injury in a Pediatric Outpatient Rehabilitation Cohort: The Patients’ and Parents’ Perspective" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1625. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041625

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