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Article

Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance of a Measure of Disability for White, Black, Hispanic and Asian Older Adults

1
Silberman School of Social Work at Hunter College, The City University of New York, 2180 3rd Ave, New York, NY 10035, USA
2
School of Social Work, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
3
College of Arts & Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222, USA
4
School of Social Work, Indiana University in South Bend, South Bend, IN 46634, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dikaios Sakellariou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1401; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041401
Received: 28 November 2020 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disability and Healthcare Disparities)
Introduction: This study aims to determine the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Washington Group General Measure of Disability for older adults. Materials and Methods: This study used the 2012 California Health Interview Survey. The sample included 14,115 non-Hispanic White, Black, Hispanic and Asian adults aged 65 and older. Analysis was conducted using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), parallel and Tau-equivalent tests. Results: The results indicated that the measure was valid for use with older adults (Satorra Bentler χ2 = 13.27, df = 3, p = 0.005, GFI = 0.996). Multi-group CFA indicated comparisons were valid between Whites with Blacks, and Hispanics with Asians. Cognitive disability was associated with independent living disability for Whites and Blacks, and with sensory disability for Hispanics and Asians. Conclusions: Findings indicated the measure is valid for cross-cultural comparison for certain racial/ethnic groups. Further research is needed to understand differences in associations of cognitive decline with other areas of disability for older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability; race; ethnicity; measurement; older adults disability; race; ethnicity; measurement; older adults
MDPI and ACS Style

Chan, K.T.; Algood, C.; Prifti, A.; Zidan, T. Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance of a Measure of Disability for White, Black, Hispanic and Asian Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041401

AMA Style

Chan KT, Algood C, Prifti A, Zidan T. Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance of a Measure of Disability for White, Black, Hispanic and Asian Older Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041401

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chan, Keith T., Carl Algood, Andreana Prifti, and Tarek Zidan. 2021. "Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance of a Measure of Disability for White, Black, Hispanic and Asian Older Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041401

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