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Review

Green Gentrification and Health: A Scoping Review

1
Environmental and Health Sciences Program, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA
2
West Atlanta Watershed Alliance, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA
3
Department of Public Health, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030, USA
4
Department of City and Metropolitan Planning, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jeanine M. Buchanich and Vikas Kumar
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 907; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030907
Received: 3 December 2020 / Revised: 11 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Health: Feature Review Papers)
Urban greening initiatives are often linked to enhanced human health and wellbeing, but they can also be a driver of gentrification. To date, few studies have focused on how green gentrification shapes health. In this scoping review, we analyzed existing peer-reviewed research on how greening initiatives in gentrifying neighborhoods impact health, well-being, and health pathways (e.g., physical activity, affordable housing). Using a multi-step approach to scoping the literature (including searches in PubMed, JSTOR, and Google Scholar), we identified 15 empirical studies that met our inclusion criteria. We found studies focusing on green space use, physical activity, sense of community, safety, and self-reported health. Overall, longtime, marginalized residents are negatively impacted by green gentrification as they experience a lower sense of community, feel that they do not belong in green space, and, in many studies, use green space less often than newcomers. Overall, the research in this area is limited, and more studies on mental health and cardiovascular health markers could advance this literature. Based on the limited available evidence, we suggest that public health, urban planning, and parks professionals could collaborate to enhance the use of green space for marginalized residents and their feelings of inclusion in gentrifying areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: green gentrification; green space; parks; public health green gentrification; green space; parks; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jelks, N.O.; Jennings, V.; Rigolon, A. Green Gentrification and Health: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030907

AMA Style

Jelks NO, Jennings V, Rigolon A. Green Gentrification and Health: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030907

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jelks, Na’Taki O., Viniece Jennings, and Alessandro Rigolon. 2021. "Green Gentrification and Health: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030907

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