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Susceptibility to Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Occupational Settings: The Complex Interplay between Individual and Workplace Factors

Department of Public Health, Section of Occupational Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1030; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031030
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
In the current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the definition of risk factors for susceptibility to adverse outcomes seems essential to support public and occupational health policies. Some specific issues need to be addressed to understand vulnerability in occupational settings. Among these, individual factors, e.g., age, sex, and preexisting comorbidities (hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, cancer), that can predispose individuals to more severe outcomes and post-COVID-19 symptoms that may represent conditions of acquired susceptibility, possibly impacting the return to—and fitness for—work. Additionally, the risk of contracting COVID-19 through work should be addressed, considering the probability of being in contact with infected people, physical proximity to others, and social aggregation during work. Occupational health settings may represent appropriate scenarios for the early identification of vulnerable subjects, with the final aim to guide risk assessment and management procedures. These should include the systematic surveillance of work-related risk factors, collective preventive policies, stringent actions for specific groups of workers, decisions on occupational placement of employees, and health promotion activities. Concerted actions of general practitioners, hospital specialists, occupational physicians, and all the stakeholders involved in the occupational health and safety management should be focused on planning suitable preventive measures for susceptible subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; vulnerability; frailty; risk factors; severe COVID-19; mortality; comorbidities; risk assessment; risk management; occupational health SARS-CoV-2; vulnerability; frailty; risk factors; severe COVID-19; mortality; comorbidities; risk assessment; risk management; occupational health
MDPI and ACS Style

Leso, V.; Fontana, L.; Iavicoli, I. Susceptibility to Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Occupational Settings: The Complex Interplay between Individual and Workplace Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031030

AMA Style

Leso V, Fontana L, Iavicoli I. Susceptibility to Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Occupational Settings: The Complex Interplay between Individual and Workplace Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leso, Veruscka, Luca Fontana, and Ivo Iavicoli. 2021. "Susceptibility to Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Occupational Settings: The Complex Interplay between Individual and Workplace Factors" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031030

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