Next Article in Journal
Canadian Career Firefighters’ Mental Health Impacts and Priorities
Previous Article in Journal
Eight-Year Retrospective Study of Young Adults in a Diabetes Transition Clinic
Article

The Acute Relationship between Affective States and Stress Biomarkers in Ethnic Minority Youths

1
Center for Self-Report Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
2
Department of Population and Public Health Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA
3
Department of Pediatrics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
4
Center for Economic and Social Research and Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12670; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312670
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 23 November 2021 / Accepted: 27 November 2021 / Published: 1 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child and Adolescent Lifestyle Behaviors and Insulin Sensitivity)
Background: Whether affective states acutely predict the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis activities and whether energy balance-related behaviors moderate the affect–HPA axis relationship in obese youths are not well-understood. Methods: 87 mostly obese (94.3% obese) minority adolescents (mean: 16.3 ± 1.2 years old; 56.8% Latino and 43.2% African American) participated in a randomized crossover trial in an observation laboratory, where they received either high-sugar/low-fiber (HSLF) or low-sugar/high-fiber (LSHF) meals first and then crossed over in the next visit 2–4 weeks later. During each visit, they rated five affective states and provided a saliva sample every 30 min for the first 5 h and wore a waist-worn accelerometer. The association between the affect ratings and cortisol levels in the subsequent 30 min and the moderation effect of energy balance-related behavior were examined using multilevel models. Results: Within-person negative affect (β = 0.02, p = 0.0343) and feeling of panic (β = 0.007, p = 0.004) were acutely related to the subsequent cortisol level only during the HSLF condition. The time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity did not moderate the acute relationship between affect and the subsequent cortisol level. Conclusions: Negative affect could be acutely related to heightened HPA axis activities in youths, but only when they were exposed to meals with high sugar and low fiber content. These results suggest that the meals’ sugar and fiber content may modulate HPA axis reactivity to negative affect in youths. View Full-Text
Keywords: youth; emotion; cortisol; dietary behavior; physical activity; hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis; obesity; ethnic minority youth; emotion; cortisol; dietary behavior; physical activity; hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis; obesity; ethnic minority
MDPI and ACS Style

Wen, C.K.F.; Chou, C.-P.; Belcher, B.R.; Weigensberg, M.J.; Black, D.S.; Spruijt-Metz, D. The Acute Relationship between Affective States and Stress Biomarkers in Ethnic Minority Youths. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312670

AMA Style

Wen CKF, Chou C-P, Belcher BR, Weigensberg MJ, Black DS, Spruijt-Metz D. The Acute Relationship between Affective States and Stress Biomarkers in Ethnic Minority Youths. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wen, Cheng K.F., Chih-Ping Chou, Britni R. Belcher, Marc J. Weigensberg, David S. Black, and Donna Spruijt-Metz. 2021. "The Acute Relationship between Affective States and Stress Biomarkers in Ethnic Minority Youths" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312670

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop