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The Influence of Communication on College Students’ Self–Other Risk Perceptions of COVID-19: A Comparative Study of China and the United States

by 1, 1,*, 2, 3, 1 and 2
1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Psychology Education, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Graduate School of Education, Fordham University, New York, NY 10023, USA
3
Teachers’ College, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100874, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luis Miguel Romero-Rodríguez, Clara Muela-Molina, Luisa Agante, Daniel Catalan-Matamoros and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12491; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312491
Received: 28 October 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 25 November 2021 / Published: 27 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Mass Communication, Digital Media, and Public Health)
This study aimed to explore cross-country differences in the characteristics and determinations of self–other risk perceptions of the COVID-19 pandemic. We distinguished perceived risk to self from perceived risk to others and subdivided risk perceptions into three levels: personal, group, and societal. We focused on the differential impact of multiple communication channels (i.e., interpersonal communication, traditional media exposure, and new media exposure) on risk perceptions at the three levels. A sample of 790 college students completed self-report online questionnaires from May to June 2020, including 498 in China and 292 in the United States. The results showed an “ascending pattern,” revealing that participants perceived higher levels of risk to others than to themselves. In addition, U.S. college students perceived higher risks of COVID-19 than Chinese college students at all levels. As for the relations between communication and risk perceptions, the results revealed that interpersonal communication and traditional media exposure were more effective with Chinese participants, whereas new media exposure was more effective with U.S. participants. Specifically, interpersonal communication was positively associated with risk perceptions at three levels, and the magnitude of the effect was higher in the Chinese group than in the U.S. group. Traditional media exposure increased societal risk perception only for Chinese college students, and new media exposure increased societal risk perception only for U.S. college students. Our findings provide theoretical implications for the characteristics and forming mechanisms of risk perceptions and also provide practical implications for policymakers in the two countries to implement effective measures to foster individuals’ risk perceptions in relation to preventive behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: interpersonal communication; media exposure; risk perception; comparative study; college students; COVID-19 interpersonal communication; media exposure; risk perception; comparative study; college students; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Y.; Liu, R.-D.; Ding, Y.; Wang, J.; Hong, W.; Wu, Y. The Influence of Communication on College Students’ Self–Other Risk Perceptions of COVID-19: A Comparative Study of China and the United States. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12491. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312491

AMA Style

Yang Y, Liu R-D, Ding Y, Wang J, Hong W, Wu Y. The Influence of Communication on College Students’ Self–Other Risk Perceptions of COVID-19: A Comparative Study of China and the United States. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12491. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312491

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Yi, Ru-De Liu, Yi Ding, Jia Wang, Wei Hong, and Ying Wu. 2021. "The Influence of Communication on College Students’ Self–Other Risk Perceptions of COVID-19: A Comparative Study of China and the United States" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12491. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312491

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