Next Article in Journal
Do Social Timing and Gender Matter to Parental Depression Aroused by Traumatic Experience of Child Bereavement? Evidence from China
Previous Article in Journal
Validation of a Virtual Assistant for Improving Medication Adherence in Patients with Comorbid Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depressive Disorder
Article

Impact of the Work Environment on Patients’ Safety as Perceived by Nurses in Poland—A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, 31-501 Krakow, Poland
2
Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, 31-066 Krakow, Poland
3
Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anthony G. Tuckett and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 12057; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212057
Received: 20 October 2021 / Revised: 12 November 2021 / Accepted: 15 November 2021 / Published: 17 November 2021
Numerous studies have found that organizational features connected with the work environment of nurses have a significant influence on patients’ safety. The aim of this research was to capture nurses’ opinions about patients’ safety and discern relationships with work environment characteristics. This cross-sectional study surveyed 1825 nurses. The research used questionnaire consisting of four parts: (1) covered The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI); (2) assessed the quality of nursing care and care safety; (3) contained information on the most recent duty served by the nurses and (4) captured social and demographic data of participants. The research identified strong association between patient safety assessment and work environment of nurses in the aspect of employment adequacy, cooperation between nurses and doctors, support for nurses from the managing staff, the possibility to participate in the management as well as professional promotion of nurses employed in the hospital (p < 0.001). Nurses rated patient safety higher when responsible for a smaller number of patients. Work environment factors such as proper staffing, good cooperation with doctors, support from the management, as well as professional independence are significantly related to nurses’ assessment of patients’ safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: patient safety; work environment; working conditions; workload patient safety; work environment; working conditions; workload
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Malinowska-Lipień, I.; Micek, A.; Gabryś, T.; Kózka, M.; Gajda, K.; Gniadek, A.; Brzostek, T.; Fletcher, J.; Squires, A. Impact of the Work Environment on Patients’ Safety as Perceived by Nurses in Poland—A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12057. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212057

AMA Style

Malinowska-Lipień I, Micek A, Gabryś T, Kózka M, Gajda K, Gniadek A, Brzostek T, Fletcher J, Squires A. Impact of the Work Environment on Patients’ Safety as Perceived by Nurses in Poland—A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):12057. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212057

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malinowska-Lipień, Iwona, Agnieszka Micek, Teresa Gabryś, Maria Kózka, Krzysztof Gajda, Agnieszka Gniadek, Tomasz Brzostek, Jason Fletcher, and Allison Squires. 2021. "Impact of the Work Environment on Patients’ Safety as Perceived by Nurses in Poland—A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 12057. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212057

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop