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Article

Self-Disclosure and Non-Communication: Stigma Management in Third-Sector Transitional Employment

1
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, Tampere University, 33100 Tampere, Finland
3
Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
4
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, 00250 Helsinki, Finland
5
The Languages Unit, Tampere University, 33100 Tampere, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chung-Ying Lin and Hector Tsang
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 11840; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211840
Received: 31 August 2021 / Revised: 5 November 2021 / Accepted: 6 November 2021 / Published: 11 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Second Edition of Stigma, Health and Wellbeing)
People who are recovering from a mental illness often have difficulties finding and maintaining employment. One of the main reasons for these difficulties is the negative label, or stigma, attached to mental illnesses. People who possess stigmatizing characteristics may use compensatory stigma management strategies to reduce discrimination. Due to mental illnesses’ invisible characteristics, information control is an important stigma management strategy. People can often choose whether they disclose or non-communicate their illness. Nevertheless, it might be difficult to decide when and to whom to disclose or non-communicate the stigma. Since stigma management is a dilemmatic process, workers in mental health services play an important role in informing their clients of when it is best to disclose or non-communicate their illness. In this article, we adopt the perspective of discursive social psychology to investigate how workers of one mental health service programme evaluate and construct self-disclosure and non-communication as stigma management strategies. We demonstrate how these workers recommend non-communication and formulate strict stipulations for self-disclosure. At the same time, they differentiate non-communication from lying or providing false information. The study contributes to an improved understanding of stigma management in contemporary mental health services. View Full-Text
Keywords: stigma; mental illness; employment; stigma management; rehabilitation; self-disclosure; non-communication; discursive social psychology stigma; mental illness; employment; stigma management; rehabilitation; self-disclosure; non-communication; discursive social psychology
MDPI and ACS Style

Niska, M.; Stevanovic, M.; Weiste, E.; Ostrovskij, T.; Valkeapää, T.; Lindholm, C. Self-Disclosure and Non-Communication: Stigma Management in Third-Sector Transitional Employment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11840. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211840

AMA Style

Niska M, Stevanovic M, Weiste E, Ostrovskij T, Valkeapää T, Lindholm C. Self-Disclosure and Non-Communication: Stigma Management in Third-Sector Transitional Employment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):11840. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211840

Chicago/Turabian Style

Niska, Miira, Melisa Stevanovic, Elina Weiste, Tommi Ostrovskij, Taina Valkeapää, and Camilla Lindholm. 2021. "Self-Disclosure and Non-Communication: Stigma Management in Third-Sector Transitional Employment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 11840. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211840

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