Next Article in Journal
Self-Disclosure and Non-Communication: Stigma Management in Third-Sector Transitional Employment
Previous Article in Journal
Environmental Substances Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease—A Scoping Review
Article

Promoting Sports Practice in Persons with Hemophilia: A Survey of Clinicians’ Perspective

1
Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology—Pediatric Unit, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70121 Bari, Italy
2
Istituto di Medicina dello Sport-FMSI, 70132 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mirja Hirvensalo and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 11841; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211841
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 4 November 2021 / Accepted: 6 November 2021 / Published: 11 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Exercise and Health)
Historically, people with hemophilia have been warned to avoid physical activities as a possible cause of bleeding; however, currently, sport is considered necessary, especially in the developmental age, for providing a good quality of life. A survey was proposed to a group of hematologists and sports physicians working in Puglia, Italy, to explore their approach to physical activities for their patients with hemophilia and to obtain suggestions about possible interventions to promote the access of patients to sports. The survey was answered by 6 hematologists and 15 sports physicians. In total, 71% (about six patients/year/physician) of patients with hemophilia seen by sports physicians asked for counseling about sports, and 67% (about five patients/year/physician) actually practiced sports. On the other hand, only 31% (about 16 patients/year/hematologist) of patients asked hematologists questions on sports, and only 16% (about seven patients/year/hematologist) of patients with hemophilia and that were followed-up by hematologists practiced sports. The sports most often recommended to patients with hemophilia by physicians included swimming, athletics, tennis, running and gymnastics. According to hematologists, physical activity was very efficient in improving the quality of life of patients; stability of joints; their psychological, social and musculoskeletal wellbeing; and in reducing the risk of bleedings. On the other hand, physical activity was considered less important in all these areas by sport physicians. In conclusion, answers to this survey suggested that sports could be promoted among hemophilic patients by increasing the sports physicians’ knowledge about hemophilia and their special role in this area. In addition, interviewed clinicians were of the opinion that increased awareness of specific guidelines and clinical practice protocols among both hematologists and sports physicians could be beneficial. Finally, answers suggested that access to fitness certification should be facilitated. View Full-Text
Keywords: hemophilia; sports; quality of life; bleeding; survey hemophilia; sports; quality of life; bleeding; survey
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lassandro, G.; Accettura, D.; Giordano, P. Promoting Sports Practice in Persons with Hemophilia: A Survey of Clinicians’ Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11841. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211841

AMA Style

Lassandro G, Accettura D, Giordano P. Promoting Sports Practice in Persons with Hemophilia: A Survey of Clinicians’ Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):11841. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211841

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lassandro, Giuseppe, Domenico Accettura, and Paola Giordano. 2021. "Promoting Sports Practice in Persons with Hemophilia: A Survey of Clinicians’ Perspective" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 11841. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211841

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop