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Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Standard Infection Control Precautions among Health-Care Workers in a University Hospital in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

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Department of Public Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Qassim University, Al Bukairiyah 52741, Saudi Arabia
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School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia
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Central Queensland Public Health Unit, Central Queensland Hospital and Health Service, Rockhampton, QLD 4700, Australia
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College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al Hufuf 36362, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Nursing Education, Nursing College, Qassim University, Buraydah 51452, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraydah 51571, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah 51452, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joan Puig-Barberà
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 11831; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211831
Received: 16 September 2021 / Revised: 5 November 2021 / Accepted: 9 November 2021 / Published: 11 November 2021
Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) contribute to increased length of hospital stay, higher mortality and higher health-care costs. Prevention and control of HAIs is a critical public health concern. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of standard infection control precautions among health-care workers (HCWs) in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional online survey among HCWs was conducted using a structured questionnaire. Predictors of KAP were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analyses and independent sample t-tests. A total of 213 HCWs participated in the survey. The prevalence of good (≥80% correct response) knowledge, attitude, and practice were 67.6%, 61.5%, and 73.2%, respectively. The predictors of good knowledge included the age of the HCWs (>34 years) (adjusted odds ratio: 30.5, p < 0.001), and training (13.3, p < 0.001). More than 6 years of work experience was a significant predictor of having a positive attitude (5.5, p < 0.001). While the predictors of good practice were having >6 years of experience (2.9, p < 0.01), previous exposure to HAIs (2.5, p < 0.05), and training (3.5, p < 0.01). However, being female (0.22, p < 0.001) and older (>34 years) (0.34, p < 0.01) were negatively associated with knowledge. Results indicate that arranging training for HCWs might be useful in improving their knowledge of standard infection control precautions and is also expected to facilitate positive attitude and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: KAP; hospital-acquired infections; infection control; health-care workers; Saudi Arabia KAP; hospital-acquired infections; infection control; health-care workers; Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Abalkhail, A.; Al Imam, M.H.; Elmosaad, Y.M.; Jaber, M.F.; Hosis, K.A.; Alhumaydhi, F.A.; Alslamah, T.; Alamer, A.; Mahmud, I. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Standard Infection Control Precautions among Health-Care Workers in a University Hospital in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211831

AMA Style

Abalkhail A, Al Imam MH, Elmosaad YM, Jaber MF, Hosis KA, Alhumaydhi FA, Alslamah T, Alamer A, Mahmud I. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Standard Infection Control Precautions among Health-Care Workers in a University Hospital in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):11831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211831

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abalkhail, Adil, Mahmudul H. Al Imam, Yousif M. Elmosaad, Mahmoud F. Jaber, Khaled A. Hosis, Fahad A. Alhumaydhi, Thamer Alslamah, Ali Alamer, and Ilias Mahmud. 2021. "Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Standard Infection Control Precautions among Health-Care Workers in a University Hospital in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 11831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211831

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