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Article

The Influence of Discrepancies between Parents’ Educational Aspirations and Children’s Educational Expectations on Depressive Symptoms of Left-Behind Children in Rural China: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy

1
School of Humanities and Law, Northeastern University, No. 195 Chuangxin Road, Hunnan District, Shenyang 110169, China
2
School of Public Administration, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, No. 185 North 2nd Ring Road, Huhhot 010070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ryan D. Burns and Wonwoo Byun
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11713; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111713
Received: 10 October 2021 / Revised: 3 November 2021 / Accepted: 6 November 2021 / Published: 8 November 2021
Although long-term separation has made discrepancies between parents’ educational aspirations and children’s own educational expectations among families with left-behind children (LBC), limited researches on the influence of these discrepancies on children’s mental health are carried out at present. Based on China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) conducted in 2018, we selected 875 LBC aged 9~15 as the sample, explored the influence of the direction and degree of these discrepancies on LBC’s depressive symptoms by hierarchical regression, and examined the mediating role of children’s academic self-efficacy and mediation effect pathway with Baron and Kenny method and Bootstrap mediation analysis methods. Results showed that LBC’s mental health was worse when parents’ educational aspirations were higher than their children’s educational expectations, compared to that without discrepancies. The degree of such discrepancies was negatively associated with LBC’s mental health. In the relationship between the direction of discrepancies and LBC’s depressive symptoms, academic self-efficacy played a mediating role partially. In addition, the study indicated that mothers played a significant role in the development of LBC’s mental health. These findings also provided critical evidence for the intervention practice of LBC’s mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: aspiration-expectation discrepancy; left-behind children; depressive symptoms; academic self-efficacy aspiration-expectation discrepancy; left-behind children; depressive symptoms; academic self-efficacy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Man, X.; Liu, J.; Bai, Y. The Influence of Discrepancies between Parents’ Educational Aspirations and Children’s Educational Expectations on Depressive Symptoms of Left-Behind Children in Rural China: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11713. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111713

AMA Style

Man X, Liu J, Bai Y. The Influence of Discrepancies between Parents’ Educational Aspirations and Children’s Educational Expectations on Depressive Symptoms of Left-Behind Children in Rural China: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11713. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111713

Chicago/Turabian Style

Man, Xiaoou, Jiatong Liu, and Yutong Bai. 2021. "The Influence of Discrepancies between Parents’ Educational Aspirations and Children’s Educational Expectations on Depressive Symptoms of Left-Behind Children in Rural China: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11713. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111713

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