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Article

Prevalence of Migraine in General Spanish Population; Factors Related and Use of Health Resources

1
The Observatory of Pain, University of Cádiz, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
2
Research Unit, Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA), Puerta del Mar University Hospital, University of Cadiz, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
3
Department of Statistics and Operational Research, University of Cádiz, 11510 Puerto Real, Spain
4
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Area, University of Cádiz, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11145; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111145
Received: 22 September 2021 / Revised: 20 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 23 October 2021
Migraine is a common neurological disorder considered the second most disabling condition worldwide. Its prevalence ranges from 2.6% to 21.7% in population studies. This study aimed to know the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed migraine in the general Spanish adult population, their health care use, and factors related. A descriptive cross-sectional study was undertaken with 23,089 individuals >15 years from the 2017 Spanish National Health Survey. Three groups were defined: people diagnosed with migraine (DM), people reporting undiagnosed migraine (UM) and people without migraine. Sociodemographic, clinical and use of health resources data were collected. The scales Duke Social Support Index (DSSI) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) were used. Prevalence of DM and UM were determined with 95% confidence intervals. To determine the factors associated with DM and UM, a multinomial logistic regression model was used. The prevalence of DM was 8.6% (95%CI: 8.2–9), and UM, 0.9% (95%CI: 0.8–1). People with DM more frequently visited healthcare professionals (47.8%), required more supplementary tests (86.8), had a higher percentage of hospitalization (11.3%), and used emergency services (45.1%). Women had nearly three times the risk of DM and UM. Worse mental health was a risk factor for UM (OR = 1.20) and DM (OR = 1.18). The greater the work stress, the greater the risk of DM (OR = 1.12). An adequate monitoring and management of migraine in people with these characteristics could contribute to improving their quality of life and reducing costs in the system. View Full-Text
Keywords: migraine; mental comorbidity; health services; healthcare services; headache migraine; mental comorbidity; health services; healthcare services; headache
MDPI and ACS Style

Salazar, A.; Berrocal, L.; Failde, I. Prevalence of Migraine in General Spanish Population; Factors Related and Use of Health Resources. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111145

AMA Style

Salazar A, Berrocal L, Failde I. Prevalence of Migraine in General Spanish Population; Factors Related and Use of Health Resources. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salazar, Alejandro, Laura Berrocal, and Inmaculada Failde. 2021. "Prevalence of Migraine in General Spanish Population; Factors Related and Use of Health Resources" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111145

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