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Article

Associations of Diet with Cardiometabolic and Inflammatory Profiles in Pregnant Women at Risk for Metabolic Complications

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Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
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Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kirk Kerkorian School of Medicine, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
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School of Dental Medicine, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
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Valley View Hospital, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Benoît Chénais and Anna M. Giudetti
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11105; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111105
Received: 15 July 2021 / Revised: 20 October 2021 / Accepted: 20 October 2021 / Published: 22 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Relationship between Diet and Pathologies in Women)
Dietary intakes play an important role in the development of metabolic complications during pregnancy. While reported observational studies reveal an inverse association of healthy diets with weight gain, gestational diabetes, and hypertensive complications during pregnancy, there is a paucity of studies conducted among women of specific ethnicities vulnerable to higher risks of pregnancy complications. This is a secondary cross sectional analysis using baseline data from a previously reported clinical trial. We aim to identify associations of maternal habitual dietary intakes with cardiometabolic risks and inflammatory profiles in primarily African American (AA) and Hispanic women in the first half of pregnancy. Fifty-two women met the study criteria and anthropometric, clinical, and dietary data were obtained at baseline. Linear regression analysis was used to determine associations after covariate adjustments. Among the maternal dietary nutrient intakes, total fats were positively associated with maternal body weight, BMI, and serum CRP (β ± SE: 0.25 ± 0.13, 0.28 ± 0.18, and 0.29 ± 0.14, respectively, all p < 0.05), and saturated fats were positively associated with glycated hemoglobin (0.32 ± 0.12). Dietary fiber intake showed a consistent inverse association with body weight (−0.26 ± 0.13), BMI (−0.19 ± 0.15), glycated hemoglobin (−0.22 ± 0.16), as well as serum CRP (−0.19 ± 0.14). Among the maternal food group intakes, dairy intake was inversely associated with systolic blood pressure (−0.18 ± 0.15) and serum IL-6 (−0.22 ± 0.17), and vegetable intake showed an inverse association with serum CRP (−0.17 ± 0.12) all in adjusted analyses (all p < 0.05). Thus, maternal diet modifications, especially decreasing fats and increasing fiber and dairy may help address obesity and inflammation leading to pregnancy complications in AA and Hispanic women. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; diet; obesity; total fats; fiber; inflammation pregnancy; diet; obesity; total fats; fiber; inflammation
MDPI and ACS Style

Jaworsky, K.; Ebersole, J.L.; Planinic, P.; Basu, A. Associations of Diet with Cardiometabolic and Inflammatory Profiles in Pregnant Women at Risk for Metabolic Complications. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11105. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111105

AMA Style

Jaworsky K, Ebersole JL, Planinic P, Basu A. Associations of Diet with Cardiometabolic and Inflammatory Profiles in Pregnant Women at Risk for Metabolic Complications. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11105. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111105

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaworsky, Kataryna, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Petar Planinic, and Arpita Basu. 2021. "Associations of Diet with Cardiometabolic and Inflammatory Profiles in Pregnant Women at Risk for Metabolic Complications" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11105. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111105

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