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Article

Adverse Collateral Effects of COVID-19 Public Health Restrictions on Physical Fitness and Cognitive Performance in Primary School Children

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Laboratory of Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions, Clermont Auvergne University, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Clinical Sciences Division, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
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National Observatory for Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Biostatistics Unit, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Clermont Auvergne University Foundation, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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UFR Medicine, Clermont Auvergne University, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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INRA, UMR 1019, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Department of Sport Medicine and Functional Explorations, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, G. Montpied Hospital, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11099; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111099
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 22 October 2021
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the COVID-19-related confinement and social restrictions affected the levels of physical fitness and academic achievement in primary school French children. A total of 206 primary school children (106 before confinements and 100 after restrictions) completed a test battery evaluating their anthropometric characteristics, body compositions, activity preferences, cognitive performances and physical fitness. The performance of the Standing Long Jump was better at T0 (169.9 ± 142.5 cm) compared to T1 (135.2 ± 31.4 cm) (p = 0.0367), and the Medicine Ball Throw performance declined from T0 to T1 (297.3 ± 81.1 cm vs. 249 ± 52 cm; p < 0.0001). Motor skills (26.9 ± 6.2 s vs. 30.9 ± 5.4 s; p < 0.0001), the shuttle-run test (stages completed), Maximal Aerobic Speed, and the estimated VO2max were lower at T1 compared to T0 (p < 0.0001). Executive functioning was found to be greater at T0 compared to T1 (p < 0.0001). Explicit liking or wanting for sedentary or physical activities did not change between T0 and T1. Both overall physical fitness and cognitive performance drastically declined among primary school French children with the COVID-19-related public health restrictions, which reinforces the need to urgently develop preventive strategies in anticipation of further mitigation measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; physical fitness; executive function; confinement; children COVID-19; physical fitness; executive function; confinement; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chambonnière, C.; Fearnbach, N.; Pelissier, L.; Genin, P.; Fillon, A.; Boscaro, A.; Bonjean, L.; Bailly, M.; Siroux, J.; Guirado, T.; Pereira, B.; Thivel, D.; Duclos, M. Adverse Collateral Effects of COVID-19 Public Health Restrictions on Physical Fitness and Cognitive Performance in Primary School Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11099. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111099

AMA Style

Chambonnière C, Fearnbach N, Pelissier L, Genin P, Fillon A, Boscaro A, Bonjean L, Bailly M, Siroux J, Guirado T, Pereira B, Thivel D, Duclos M. Adverse Collateral Effects of COVID-19 Public Health Restrictions on Physical Fitness and Cognitive Performance in Primary School Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11099. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111099

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chambonnière, Camille, Nicole Fearnbach, Léna Pelissier, Pauline Genin, Alicia Fillon, Audrey Boscaro, Line Bonjean, Mélina Bailly, Julie Siroux, Terry Guirado, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, and Martine Duclos. 2021. "Adverse Collateral Effects of COVID-19 Public Health Restrictions on Physical Fitness and Cognitive Performance in Primary School Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11099. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111099

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