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Do Social Ties Moderate the Association between Childhood Maltreatment and Gratitude in Older Adults? Results from the NEIGE Study

1
Department of Global Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo 113-8510, Japan
2
Research Fellow of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan
3
Research Team for Social Participation and Community Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan
4
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo 160-8402, Japan
5
Division of International Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata 951-8510, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11082; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111082
Received: 9 September 2021 / Revised: 13 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
Background: Childhood maltreatment can impede gratitude, yet little is known about the older population and its moderators. The aim of this study is to clarify the association between childhood maltreatment and levels of gratitude of the older population, and the moderating effect of social ties on the association. Methods: We analyzed the data of 524 community-dwelling older adults aged 65–84 years without functional disabilities in Tokamachi City, Niigata, Japan, collected for the Neuron to Environmental Impact across Generations (NEIGE) study in 2017. Using a questionnaire, the participants rated three types of childhood maltreatment before the age of 18 (physical abuse, emotional neglect, and psychological abuse), level of gratitude, and social ties. Results: We found an inverse association between emotional neglect and gratitude. Furthermore, emotional neglect was inversely associated with gratitude only for those with lower levels of social ties. Conclusions: Promoting social ties may mitigate the adverse impact of emotional neglect on the level of gratitude. View Full-Text
Keywords: gratitude; childhood maltreatment; emotional neglect; social tie; older population gratitude; childhood maltreatment; emotional neglect; social tie; older population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Doi, S.; Koyama, Y.; Tani, Y.; Murayama, H.; Inoue, S.; Fujiwara, T.; Shobugawa, Y. Do Social Ties Moderate the Association between Childhood Maltreatment and Gratitude in Older Adults? Results from the NEIGE Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111082

AMA Style

Doi S, Koyama Y, Tani Y, Murayama H, Inoue S, Fujiwara T, Shobugawa Y. Do Social Ties Moderate the Association between Childhood Maltreatment and Gratitude in Older Adults? Results from the NEIGE Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111082

Chicago/Turabian Style

Doi, Satomi, Yuna Koyama, Yukako Tani, Hiroshi Murayama, Shigeru Inoue, Takeo Fujiwara, and Yugo Shobugawa. 2021. "Do Social Ties Moderate the Association between Childhood Maltreatment and Gratitude in Older Adults? Results from the NEIGE Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111082

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