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Article

Relationships among COVID-19 Prevention Practices, Risk Perception and Individual Characteristics: A Temporal Analysis

by 1,*, 1,*, 2 and 3
1
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
2
Department of Geography and Planning, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
3
Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10901; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010901
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 7 October 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
The effectiveness of public health measures in containing an infectious disease largely depends on how the general public is taking the prevention practices in daily lives. Previous studies have shown that different risk perceptions and sociodemographic characteristics may lead to vastly different prevention behaviors. This paper applies a temporal perspective in examining the changing patterns of prevention practices over time and their dynamic relationships with the perceived risk towards COVID-19 and its individual characteristics. Three key timelines (February, April, and June of 2020) were identified to represent the early, lockdown, and reopening stages of the first wave. Data were drawn from an online survey conducted in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) of Canada (n = 470). Chi-square tests and logistic regression models revealed important temporal patterns in practicing different hygienic and mobility-related prevention measures and the respondents’ risk perceptions during the three timelines. The factors predicting the level of prevention practices vary across the three timelines, based on the specific type of prevention, and within the changing public health contexts. This study contributes to the literature on COVID-19 by incorporating a temporal perspective in conceptualizing prevention predictors. It provides crucial insights for developing timely public health strategies to improve infectious disease prevention at different stages and for individuals with varying backgrounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: time; prevention behavior; risk perception; COVID-19 time; prevention behavior; risk perception; COVID-19
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Yu, J.; Chen, D.; Yang, L. Relationships among COVID-19 Prevention Practices, Risk Perception and Individual Characteristics: A Temporal Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010901

AMA Style

Wang L, Yu J, Chen D, Yang L. Relationships among COVID-19 Prevention Practices, Risk Perception and Individual Characteristics: A Temporal Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010901

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Lu, Jie Yu, Dongmei Chen, and Lixia Yang. 2021. "Relationships among COVID-19 Prevention Practices, Risk Perception and Individual Characteristics: A Temporal Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010901

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