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Article

The Practice of Vigorous Physical Activity Is Related to a Higher Educational Level and Income in Older Women

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Escuela de Educación, Universidad de Concepción, Los Ángeles 4440000, Chile
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Departamento de Ciencias del Deporte y Acondicionamiento Físico, Facultad de Educación, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción 4030000, Chile
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Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago 8320000, Chile
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Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Social and Health Sciences, Campus of Elche, Miguel Hernandez University (UMH), 03202 Elche, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Meng-Chih Lee
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10815; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010815
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 11 October 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychosocial Factors and Health Outcomes of the Elderly)
Few studies have shown evidence about the factors that can determine physical practice in women over 60 years of age due to educational, economic, social, or health inequalities. Its knowledge could help to understand the determinants that encourage the practice of physical activity and the improvement of health in women over 60. Therefore, the aim of this research was to evaluate the level of studies, income, and the usefulness of social and health services in physically active older women according to the level of activity they practice. The IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and CUBRECAVI (subjective health scale) scales have been applied to a sample of 257 women between 61 and 93 years old (M = 69.44, SD = 4.61). The results have shown that those with vigorous physical activity are related to higher levels of education (p < 0.001) and income (p = 0.004). Furthermore, being dissatisfied with social and health services is associated with low levels of physical activity (p = 0.005). Older women who perform physical activity regularly are associated with high levels in some of the socio-environmental aspects of quality of life. High physical activity is related to a higher educational level and income. Socio-environmental factors generate social inequalities and modulate the lifestyles of older women. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; quality of life; women; physical activity; economic resources aging; quality of life; women; physical activity; economic resources
MDPI and ACS Style

Zapata-Lamana, R.; Poblete-Valderrama, F.; Cigarroa, I.; Parra-Rizo, M.A. The Practice of Vigorous Physical Activity Is Related to a Higher Educational Level and Income in Older Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10815. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010815

AMA Style

Zapata-Lamana R, Poblete-Valderrama F, Cigarroa I, Parra-Rizo MA. The Practice of Vigorous Physical Activity Is Related to a Higher Educational Level and Income in Older Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10815. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010815

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zapata-Lamana, Rafael, Felipe Poblete-Valderrama, Igor Cigarroa, and María A. Parra-Rizo 2021. "The Practice of Vigorous Physical Activity Is Related to a Higher Educational Level and Income in Older Women" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10815. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010815

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