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Brief Report

Occupational Characteristics in the Outbreak of the COVID-19 Delta Variant in Nanjing, China: Rethinking the Occupational Health and Safety Vulnerability of Essential Workers

1
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Department of Sociology, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Yujun Liu and Bowen Yang share the first authorship.
Academic Editor: Matteo Goldoni
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10734; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010734
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 2 October 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health and Wellbeing during and beyond COVID-19)
The risk of contracting COVID-19 varies by occupation. Clarifying the occupational disparity in the infection risk is crucial to the prevention and control of the epidemic in the workplace. In late July, some new cases of COVID-19 were confirmed among cleaners working in Lukou International Airport in Nanjing, China. The infected cases rapidly increased and spread to many domestic cities in the following days. The present study traces the brief reports of epidemiological investigations among the confirmed cases released by the Nanjing government from 20 July to 2 August, and offers a descriptive analysis on the occupational distribution of these cases. Cleaners and other staff working in the airport were found to make up more than 40% of all cases. The overwhelming majority of the cleaner cases were confirmed in the first 7 days. The present study statistically ascertains that the airport cleaners were the initial sufferers and transmitters in this outbreak. They experienced occupational health and safety vulnerability on both individual and contextual levels, including workplace hazards, workplace safety policies, and lack of awareness and empowerment. Effective protection for essential workers and the strict surveillance of occupational health in the workplace is urgently needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 disease; Delta variant strain; Nanjing Lukou International Airport; airport cleaner; essential worker; infection risk; occupational characteristics; occupational health and safety vulnerability; epidemic prevention and control COVID-19 disease; Delta variant strain; Nanjing Lukou International Airport; airport cleaner; essential worker; infection risk; occupational characteristics; occupational health and safety vulnerability; epidemic prevention and control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Yang, B.; Liu, L.; Jilili, M.; Yang, A. Occupational Characteristics in the Outbreak of the COVID-19 Delta Variant in Nanjing, China: Rethinking the Occupational Health and Safety Vulnerability of Essential Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010734

AMA Style

Liu Y, Yang B, Liu L, Jilili M, Yang A. Occupational Characteristics in the Outbreak of the COVID-19 Delta Variant in Nanjing, China: Rethinking the Occupational Health and Safety Vulnerability of Essential Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010734

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Yujun, Bowen Yang, Linping Liu, Maitixirepu Jilili, and Anuo Yang. 2021. "Occupational Characteristics in the Outbreak of the COVID-19 Delta Variant in Nanjing, China: Rethinking the Occupational Health and Safety Vulnerability of Essential Workers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010734

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