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Open AccessArticle

COVID-19, Fake News, and Vaccines: Should Regulation Be Implemented?

Research Centre for Economics Engineering, Polytechnic University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Doctoral Programme of Rule of Law and Global Governance, Faculty of Law, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
Nova School of Business and Economics, Nova University, 2775-405 Carcavelos, Portugal
Faculty of Law, University Pompeu Fabra, 08024 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 744;
Received: 16 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 16 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19 Global Threat: Information or Panic)
We analysed issues concerning the establishment of compulsory vaccination against COVID-19, as well as the role of misinformation as a disincentive—especially when published by health professionals—and citizen acceptance of measures in this regard. Data from different surveys revealed a high degree of hesitation rather than outright opposition to vaccines. The most frequent complaint related to the COVID-19 vaccination was the fear of side effects. Within the Spanish and European legislative framework, both compulsory vaccination and government regulation of FN (Fake News) appear to be feasible options, counting on sufficient legal support, which could be reinforced by additional amendment. However, following current trends of good governance, policymakers must have public legitimation. Rather than compulsory COVID-19 vaccination, an approach based on education and truthful information, persuading the population of the benefits of a vaccine on a voluntary basis, is recommended. Disagreements between health professionals are positive, but they should be resolved following good practice and the procedures of the code of ethics. Furthermore, citizens do not support the involvement of government authorities in the direct control of news. Collaboration with the media and other organizations should be used instead. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; vaccination; fake news; medical code of ethics; governmental regulations COVID-19; vaccination; fake news; medical code of ethics; governmental regulations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marco-Franco, J.E.; Pita-Barros, P.; Vivas-Orts, D.; González-de-Julián, S.; Vivas-Consuelo, D. COVID-19, Fake News, and Vaccines: Should Regulation Be Implemented? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 744.

AMA Style

Marco-Franco JE, Pita-Barros P, Vivas-Orts D, González-de-Julián S, Vivas-Consuelo D. COVID-19, Fake News, and Vaccines: Should Regulation Be Implemented? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):744.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marco-Franco, Julio E.; Pita-Barros, Pedro; Vivas-Orts, David; González-de-Julián, Silvia; Vivas-Consuelo, David. 2021. "COVID-19, Fake News, and Vaccines: Should Regulation Be Implemented?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 744.

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