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Article

Responses to Stress: Investigating the Role of Gender, Social Relationships, and Touch Avoidance in Italy

1
Institute of Educational Technology, National Research Council of Italy, 16149 Genova, Italy
2
Associazione Centro di Psicologia e Psicoterapia Funzionale, 35131 Padova, Italy
3
Department of Psychology, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 81100 Caserta, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 600; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020600
Received: 4 November 2020 / Revised: 3 January 2021 / Accepted: 10 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
Stress is a physiological response to internal and external events we call “stressors”. Response to the same daily stressors varies across individuals and seems to be higher for women. A possible explanation for this phenomenon is that women perceive sociality, relationships, and intimacy—important sources of both stress and wellbeing—differently from how men experience them. In this study, we investigate how gender, attachment, and touch avoidance predict stress responses on a sample of 335 Italians (216 females; age = 35.82 ± 14.32). Moreover, we analyze the network of relationships between these variables through multiple linear regression and exploratory network analysis techniques. The results recontextualize the role of gender in determining stress responses in terms of (lack of) confidence and touch avoidance toward family members; attitudes toward relationships seem to be the main determinants of stress responses. These results have implications for reducing stress in both clinical settings and at a social level. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress response; gender differences; social behavior; attachment; touch avoidance; network analysis stress response; gender differences; social behavior; attachment; touch avoidance; network analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Passarelli, M.; Casetta, L.; Rizzi, L.; Perrella, R. Responses to Stress: Investigating the Role of Gender, Social Relationships, and Touch Avoidance in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020600

AMA Style

Passarelli M, Casetta L, Rizzi L, Perrella R. Responses to Stress: Investigating the Role of Gender, Social Relationships, and Touch Avoidance in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020600

Chicago/Turabian Style

Passarelli, Marcello, Laura Casetta, Luca Rizzi, and Raffaella Perrella. 2021. "Responses to Stress: Investigating the Role of Gender, Social Relationships, and Touch Avoidance in Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 600. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020600

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