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Article

The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on the Emotional-Behavioral Sequelae for Children and Adolescents with Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Their Families

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Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Padua University Hospital, 35128 Padua, Italy
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Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padua, 35131 Padua, Italy
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Lanza
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9880; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189880
Received: 16 July 2021 / Revised: 1 September 2021 / Accepted: 15 September 2021 / Published: 19 September 2021
This study aimed to investigate the immediate and short-term impact of the pandemic on the psychological well-being of Italian children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders and their families. Overall, 56 patients aged 6–18 (M = 13.4 years, SD = 2.77) and their parents were evaluated during the COVID-19 lockdown (T0) and after 4 months (T1). An ad hoc data sheet, Youth Self-Report 11–18 (YSR), Child Behavior Checklist 6–18 (CBCL), and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were administered. Patients, mainly suffering from internalizing disorders, overall demonstrated a good adaptation to the pandemic context. Moreover, patients with behavioral disorders showed a greater psychological discomfort at both T0 and T1 compared to patients with internalizing disorders. Over time, patients presented an improvement on the emotional side, as proven by a significant decrease in internalizing and post-traumatic stress problems. Finally, no significant differences were found in the emotional-behavioral profile of patients according to the means of conducting neuropsychiatric interventions during the lockdown (i.e., in person/remotely/interrupted), thus allowing us to exclude important negative effects caused by the transition to remote therapy. Concerning parents, an inverse relationship emerged between the DASS-21 scores and the level of resilience, which therefore represents a protective factor against psychological maladjustment. Over time, an improvement in the psychological well-being of parents was observed, as shown by a significant decrease in mothers’ anxiety and fathers’ stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health disease; psychiatric outpatients; children and adolescents; stress; resilience; parenting; COVID-19 mental health disease; psychiatric outpatients; children and adolescents; stress; resilience; parenting; COVID-19
MDPI and ACS Style

Raffagnato, A.; Iannattone, S.; Tascini, B.; Venchiarutti, M.; Broggio, A.; Zanato, S.; Traverso, A.; Mascoli, C.; Manganiello, A.; Miscioscia, M.; Gatta, M. The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on the Emotional-Behavioral Sequelae for Children and Adolescents with Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Their Families. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189880

AMA Style

Raffagnato A, Iannattone S, Tascini B, Venchiarutti M, Broggio A, Zanato S, Traverso A, Mascoli C, Manganiello A, Miscioscia M, Gatta M. The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on the Emotional-Behavioral Sequelae for Children and Adolescents with Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Their Families. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189880

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raffagnato, Alessia, Sara Iannattone, Benedetta Tascini, Martina Venchiarutti, Alessia Broggio, Silvia Zanato, Annalisa Traverso, Cataldo Mascoli, Alexa Manganiello, Marina Miscioscia, and Michela Gatta. 2021. "The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on the Emotional-Behavioral Sequelae for Children and Adolescents with Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Their Families" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189880

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