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Article

Oral Health as a Predictor of Physical Frailty among Rural Community-Dwelling Elderly in an Agricultural County of Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, No. 2, Sec. W., Jiapu Rd., Puzi City 613, Chiayi, Taiwan
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Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University, No. 259, Wenhua 1st Rd., Guishan Dist., Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
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Department of Dentistry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chiayi Branch, No. 6, West Sec., Jiapu Road, Puzi City 613, Chiayi, Taiwan
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Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chiayi Branch, No. 6, West Sec., Jiapu Road, Puzi City 613, Chiayi, Taiwan
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Department of Medicine, Chang Gung University, No. 259, Wenhua 1st Rd., Guishan Dist., Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9805; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189805
Received: 14 August 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
We conducted a cross-sectional study to clarify the relationship between oral health and physical frailty (PF). A sample of 903 community-dwelling individuals aged ≥ 65 years were enrolled from random communities in Chiayi County. The self-perceived oral health (SPOH) and oral health assessment tool (OHAT), which consists of eight items, was used for the evaluation of their oral health status. PF was assessed based on the Study of Osteoporotic Fracture index. Overall, 14.6% of the participants had PF. In an adjusted model, restricted food types (odds ratio (OR) = 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2–2.09, p = 0.001), self-reported dental status (OR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.2–2.15, p = 0.001), number of teeth (OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.96–0.99, p = 0.006), frequency of tooth cleaning (OR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.68–1.0, p = 0.049), OHAT score (OR = 1.09, 95% CI: 1.02–1.17, p < 0.017), and saliva items of OHAT (OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.11–2.1, p = 0.010) were significantly associated with PF. SPOH is a crucial indicator of PF; longitudinal analyses are necessary to understand the underlying pathway of risk factors for frailty onset. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; physical frailty; rural elderly; agricultural oral health; physical frailty; rural elderly; agricultural
MDPI and ACS Style

Kuo, Y.-W.; Chen, M.-Y.; Chang, L.-C.; Lee, J.-D. Oral Health as a Predictor of Physical Frailty among Rural Community-Dwelling Elderly in an Agricultural County of Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189805

AMA Style

Kuo Y-W, Chen M-Y, Chang L-C, Lee J-D. Oral Health as a Predictor of Physical Frailty among Rural Community-Dwelling Elderly in an Agricultural County of Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189805

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuo, Ya-Wen, Mei-Yen Chen, Li-Ching Chang, and Jiann-Der Lee. 2021. "Oral Health as a Predictor of Physical Frailty among Rural Community-Dwelling Elderly in an Agricultural County of Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189805

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