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Review

A Review of the Preservation of Hard and Semi-Hard Cheeses: Quality and Safety

1
Lactiker Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
2
Efficient and Sustainable Processes Department, Bizkaia Technology Park, AZTI, P.O. Box 609, 48160 Derio, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Conrado Javier Carrascosa Iruzubieta, Kathryn A. Whitehead, Arturo Hardisson de la Torre and Carmen Rubio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9789; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189789
Received: 29 July 2021 / Revised: 9 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
Cheese is a dairy product with potential health benefits. Cheese consumption has increased due to the significant diversity of varieties, versatility of product presentation, and changes in consumers’ lifestyles. Spoilage of hard and semi-hard cheeses can be promoted by their maturation period and/or by their long shelf-life. Therefore, preservation studies play a fundamental role in maintaining and/or increasing their shelf-life, and are of significant importance for the dairy sector. The aim of this review is to discuss the most effective methods to ensure the safety and sensory quality of ripened cheeses. We review traditional methods, such as freezing, and modern and innovative technologies, such as high hydrostatic pressures, chemical and natural vegetable origin preservatives, vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging, edible coatings and films, and other technologies applied at the end of storage and marketing stages, including light pulses and irradiation. For each technology, the main advantages and limitations for industrial application in the dairy sector are discussed. Each type of cheese requires a specific preservation treatment and optimal application conditions to ensure cheese quality and safety during storage. The environmental impact of the preservation technologies and their contribution to the sustainability of the food chain are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ripened cheese; shelf-life; security; storage improvement; conservation ripened cheese; shelf-life; security; storage improvement; conservation
MDPI and ACS Style

Nájera, A.I.; Nieto, S.; Barron, L.J.R.; Albisu, M. A Review of the Preservation of Hard and Semi-Hard Cheeses: Quality and Safety. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9789. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189789

AMA Style

Nájera AI, Nieto S, Barron LJR, Albisu M. A Review of the Preservation of Hard and Semi-Hard Cheeses: Quality and Safety. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9789. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189789

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nájera, Ana I., Sonia Nieto, Luis J.R. Barron, and Marta Albisu. 2021. "A Review of the Preservation of Hard and Semi-Hard Cheeses: Quality and Safety" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9789. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189789

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