Next Article in Journal
Cross-Sectional, Short-, Medium-, and Long-Term Effects of Dietary Pattern on Frailty in Taiwan
Next Article in Special Issue
Combined Effects of Different Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) on Prostate Gland
Previous Article in Journal
Fate of Functional Bacterial and Eukaryotic Community Regulated by Earthworms during Vermicomposting of Dewatered Sludge, Studies Based on the 16S rDNA and 18S rDNA Sequencing of Active Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of a Human Estrogen Receptor Dimerization Assay for the Estrogenic Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Using Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer
Article

Lifestyle Habits and Exposure to BPA and Phthalates in Women of Childbearing Age from Northern Italy: A Pilot Study

1
Laboratory of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
2
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, 43126 Parma, Italy
3
Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Fisciano, 84084 Salerno, Italy
4
Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Operative Unit, Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, 27100 Pavia, Italy
5
Gender Prevention and Health Section, Center for Gender-Specific Medicine, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Roma, Italy
6
Neonatal Unit and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally Contributed.
Academic Editor: Maria Manuela Morales-Suárez-Varela
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9710; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189710
Received: 30 July 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
Background: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are compounds that interfere with aspects of hormonal signaling. Considerable attention has been paid to their biological effects especially in women of childbearing age or during pregnancy as EDCs have been reported to cross the placenta becoming concentrated in the fetus’ circulation. Lifestyle habits, daily consumption of packaged foods and use of healthcare/cosmetic products are associated with increased EDCs levels. This cross-sectional research examined the EDCs levels and the lifestyle determinants of EDC exposure in a cohort of reproductive-age women from Northern Italy. Methods: Forty-five women (median age: 36, IQR: 30–38) were evaluated for urinary bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates levels and also studied for EDCs’ major determinants of daily exposure; food frequency/dietary, physical activity, smoking habits and weight status. Results: Although 100% of women seemed to have been exposed to common sources of EDCs, they reported a healthy lifestyle. The multivariable model described a positive and significant association between consumption of sauces/dressings in plastic containers and monoethyl phthalate exposure (p = 0.037). Conclusions: Since reproductive age encompasses a critical window for future health and functioning of the “mothers-to-be” and their children, future studies on prenatal dietary BPA and phthalate exposure and the role of consumer product choices in reducing such exposure are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: endocrine-disrupting chemicals; bisphenol A; phthalates; lifestyle; eating habits endocrine-disrupting chemicals; bisphenol A; phthalates; lifestyle; eating habits
MDPI and ACS Style

Di Napoli, I.; Tagliaferri, S.; Sommella, E.; Salviati, E.; Porri, D.; Raspini, B.; Cena, H.; Campiglia, P.; La Rocca, C.; Cerbo, R.M.; De Giuseppe, R. Lifestyle Habits and Exposure to BPA and Phthalates in Women of Childbearing Age from Northern Italy: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9710. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189710

AMA Style

Di Napoli I, Tagliaferri S, Sommella E, Salviati E, Porri D, Raspini B, Cena H, Campiglia P, La Rocca C, Cerbo RM, De Giuseppe R. Lifestyle Habits and Exposure to BPA and Phthalates in Women of Childbearing Age from Northern Italy: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9710. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189710

Chicago/Turabian Style

Di Napoli, Ilaria, Sara Tagliaferri, Eduardo Sommella, Emanuela Salviati, Debora Porri, Benedetta Raspini, Hellas Cena, Pietro Campiglia, Cinzia La Rocca, Rosa M. Cerbo, and Rachele De Giuseppe. 2021. "Lifestyle Habits and Exposure to BPA and Phthalates in Women of Childbearing Age from Northern Italy: A Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9710. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189710

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop