Next Article in Journal
COVID-19 Risk Mapping with Considering Socio-Economic Criteria Using Machine Learning Algorithms
Next Article in Special Issue
Psychological Distress of International Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in China: Multidimensional Effects of External Environment, Individuals’ Behavior, and Their Values
Previous Article in Journal
Long-Term Sequelae of Frostbite—A Scoping Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Age and Emotional Distress during COVID-19: Findings from Two Waves of the Norwegian Citizen Panel
Article

Relationships between Psychopathology, Psychological Process Variables, and Sociodemographic Variables and Comparison of Quarantined and Non-Quarantined Groups of Malaysian University Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu 88400, Sabah, Malaysia
2
Department of Social Work and Social Policy, School of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrea Fiorillo, Maurizio Pompili and Gaia Sampogna
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9656; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189656
Received: 10 July 2021 / Revised: 1 September 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
The COVID-19 pandemic has had considerable psychological health impacts across the globe. This study aimed to establish the psychological process variables underlying psychopathology in Malaysian public university students during the national Movement Control Order (MCO). The aim was to craft structured and sustainable psychological support programs with these students. We conducted a cross-sectional study involving Malaysian university students subjected to the Malaysian MCO. Structured questionnaires measuring sociodemographic factors, measures of depression, anxiety, stress, psychological mindedness, psychological flexibility and state mindfulness were employed. A total of 515 students participated in this study with 12 students (2.3%) being quarantined at the time. Many of them scored ‘moderate’ or above on the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) with 20.2%, 25.0% and 14.2%, respectively. Quarantined students had higher depressive symptoms, with female students scoring significantly higher for depression, anxiety, and stress. Multiple regressions suggested gender and quarantine status predicted depression scores. However, only gender significantly predicted anxiety and stress. Psychological flexibility and psychological mindedness (Insight subscale) are significantly correlated with depression, anxiety, and stress, with psychological mindedness predicting all three psychopathologies. This study demonstrates that gender, psychological flexibility, and psychological mindedness are key demographic and psychological factors impacting students. Targeting psychological flexibility and psychological mindedness may enable timely prevention and intervention programs for our students to support their mental and physical health as we move through, and out of, the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; COVID-19; depression; psychological mindedness; stress anxiety; COVID-19; depression; psychological mindedness; stress
MDPI and ACS Style

Pang, N.T.P.; James, S.; Giloi, N.; Rahim, S.S.S.A.; Omar, A.; Jeffree, M.S.; Hayati, F.; Lim, M.C.; Kassim, M.A.M.; Ng, J.R. Relationships between Psychopathology, Psychological Process Variables, and Sociodemographic Variables and Comparison of Quarantined and Non-Quarantined Groups of Malaysian University Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9656. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189656

AMA Style

Pang NTP, James S, Giloi N, Rahim SSSA, Omar A, Jeffree MS, Hayati F, Lim MC, Kassim MAM, Ng JR. Relationships between Psychopathology, Psychological Process Variables, and Sociodemographic Variables and Comparison of Quarantined and Non-Quarantined Groups of Malaysian University Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9656. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189656

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pang, Nicholas T.P., Sandi James, Nelbon Giloi, Syed S.S.A. Rahim, Azizan Omar, Mohammad S. Jeffree, Firdaus Hayati, Mei C. Lim, Mohd A.M. Kassim, and Jun R. Ng. 2021. "Relationships between Psychopathology, Psychological Process Variables, and Sociodemographic Variables and Comparison of Quarantined and Non-Quarantined Groups of Malaysian University Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9656. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189656

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop