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Article

Rise and Recharge: Exploring Employee Perceptions of and Contextual Factors Influencing an Individual-Level E-Health Smartphone Intervention to Reduce Office Workers’ Sedentary Time at Work

1
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea SA1 8EN, UK
2
Department of Health Research, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
3
Baker Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
4
MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SL, UK
5
Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9627; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189627
Received: 6 August 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
This feasibility study explored the contextual factors influencing office workers’ adherence to an e-health intervention targeting total and prolonged sedentary time over 12 weeks. A three-arm quasi-randomized intervention included prompts at 30 or 60 min intervals delivered via a smartphone application, and a no-prompt comparison arm. Fifty-six office workers completed baseline (64% female) and 44 completed the 12 week follow-up (80% retention). Ecological momentary assessments (EMA) captured contextual data, with 82.8 ± 24.9 EMA prompt questionnaires completed weekly. Two focus groups with n = 8 Prompt 30 and 60 participants were conducted one-month post-intervention to address intervention acceptability and feasibility. Contextual findings indicate that when working on a sedentary task (i.e., reading or screen-based work) and located at an individual workstation, hourly prompts may be more acceptable and feasible for promoting a reduction in total and prolonged sedentary time compared to 30 min prompts. Interpersonal support also appears important for promoting subtle shifts in sedentary working practices. This novel study gives a real-time insight into the factors influencing adherence to e-health prompts. Findings identified unique, pragmatic considerations for delivering a workplace e-health intervention, indicating that further research is warranted to optimize the method of intervention delivery prior to evaluation of a large-scale intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: feasibility; workplace; intervention; sedentary behavior; physical activity; standing; mobile application; EMA feasibility; workplace; intervention; sedentary behavior; physical activity; standing; mobile application; EMA
MDPI and ACS Style

Morris, A.S.; Mackintosh, K.A.; Owen, N.; Dempsey, P.C.; Dunstan, D.W.; McNarry, M.A. Rise and Recharge: Exploring Employee Perceptions of and Contextual Factors Influencing an Individual-Level E-Health Smartphone Intervention to Reduce Office Workers’ Sedentary Time at Work. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9627. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189627

AMA Style

Morris AS, Mackintosh KA, Owen N, Dempsey PC, Dunstan DW, McNarry MA. Rise and Recharge: Exploring Employee Perceptions of and Contextual Factors Influencing an Individual-Level E-Health Smartphone Intervention to Reduce Office Workers’ Sedentary Time at Work. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9627. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189627

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morris, Abigail S., Kelly A. Mackintosh, Neville Owen, Paddy C. Dempsey, David W. Dunstan, and Melitta A. McNarry. 2021. "Rise and Recharge: Exploring Employee Perceptions of and Contextual Factors Influencing an Individual-Level E-Health Smartphone Intervention to Reduce Office Workers’ Sedentary Time at Work" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9627. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189627

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