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Article

The Influence of Technology on Mental Well-Being of STEM Teachers at University Level: COVID-19 as a Stressor

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Unidad de Seguimiento a Graduados, Banca Laboral y Prácticas Pre Profesionales, Universidad de ECOTEC, Guayaquil 090501, Ecuador
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GC12 Clinical and Epidemiological Research in Primary Care, Instituto Maimónides, Campus de Menéndez Pidal, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
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Departamento de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Farmacología, Campus de Menéndez Pidal, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
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Departamento de Física Aplicada, Radiología y Medicina Física, Edificio Albert Einstein, Campus de Rabanales, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
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Responsable Grupo Investigación PAIDI de la Junta de Andalucía TEP149, Modelos de Simulación en Energías, Transporte, Física, Ingeniería y Riesgos Laborales, Edificio Albert Einstein, Campus de Rabanales, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kevin M. Kelly and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9605; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189605
Received: 6 August 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 12 September 2021
Stress can result in psychopathologies, such as anxiety or depression, when this risk factor continues in time. One major stressor was the COVID-19 pandemic, which triggered considerable emotional distress and mental health issues among different workers, including teachers, with another stressor: technology and online education. A mixed-method approach is presented in this research, combining a cross-sectional study of university teachers from Ecuador and Spain with a medium of twenty years of working experience (N = 55) and a bibliometric analysis carried out in three databases (161 documents). The levels of anxiety and depression, and therefore the risk of developing them as mental disorders, were high. The lack of training (p < 0.01), time (p < 0.05), or research regarding the use of technology in education (p < 0.01) and stress caused by COVID-19 (p < 0.001) were linked to frequency. The most relevant observational study obtained through the bibliometric analysis (138 citations and over 65% of methodological quality) indicated that previous training and behavioral factors are key in the stress related to technology. The combination of the results indicated that mental health in STEM teachers at university is related to diverse factors, from training to the family and working balance. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; mixed-method; STEM teachers; university; COVID-19 mental health; mixed-method; STEM teachers; university; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Navarro-Espinosa, J.A.; Vaquero-Abellán, M.; Perea-Moreno, A.-J.; Pedrós-Pérez, G.; Aparicio-Martínez, P.; Martínez-Jiménez, M.P. The Influence of Technology on Mental Well-Being of STEM Teachers at University Level: COVID-19 as a Stressor. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189605

AMA Style

Navarro-Espinosa JA, Vaquero-Abellán M, Perea-Moreno A-J, Pedrós-Pérez G, Aparicio-Martínez P, Martínez-Jiménez MP. The Influence of Technology on Mental Well-Being of STEM Teachers at University Level: COVID-19 as a Stressor. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189605

Chicago/Turabian Style

Navarro-Espinosa, Johanna A., Manuel Vaquero-Abellán, Alberto-Jesús Perea-Moreno, Gerardo Pedrós-Pérez, Pilar Aparicio-Martínez, and Maria P. Martínez-Jiménez 2021. "The Influence of Technology on Mental Well-Being of STEM Teachers at University Level: COVID-19 as a Stressor" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189605

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