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Review

Effects of Combined Resistance and Aerobic Training on Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review

Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Olga Scudiero and Giulia Frisso
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9450; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189450
Received: 21 July 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 3 September 2021 / Published: 7 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity Related Disorders)
The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women. Two databases, PubMed and Google Scholar were searched to identify relevant studies. The methodological quality was assessed with the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Only seven studies met the eligibility criteria, and their outcomes were presented. Four studies demonstrated the effects of combined resistance and aerobic training, while three showed the effectiveness of exercise with both training components, aerobic and resistance. In all studies, arterial stiffness was measured by brachial–ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Participants were middle-aged or older postmenopausal women of various health statuses (hypertensive, with comorbidities or healthy). The results unequivocally show that combined training reduces arterial stiffness. The most important finding of this review paper is that the applied type of exercise decreased baPWV in the range of 0.6–2.1 m/s. Moreover, combined resistance and aerobic exercise for 12 weeks, performed three times a week for about 60 min per training session, at a moderate intensity (40–60% HRR or HRmax), may be clinically meaningful to the cardiovascular system. In conclusion, we can say that combined resistance and aerobic training, or exercise with resistance and aerobic components, have important health implications for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the maintenance or improvement of health in middle-aged and older postmenopausal women with different health conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined exercise; arterial stiffness; baPWV; postmenopausal women combined exercise; arterial stiffness; baPWV; postmenopausal women
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manojlović, M.; Protić-Gava, B.; Maksimović, N.; Šćepanović, T.; Poček, S.; Roklicer, R.; Drid, P. Effects of Combined Resistance and Aerobic Training on Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9450. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189450

AMA Style

Manojlović M, Protić-Gava B, Maksimović N, Šćepanović T, Poček S, Roklicer R, Drid P. Effects of Combined Resistance and Aerobic Training on Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9450. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189450

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manojlović, Marko, Branka Protić-Gava, Nebojša Maksimović, Tijana Šćepanović, Sunčica Poček, Roberto Roklicer, and Patrik Drid. 2021. "Effects of Combined Resistance and Aerobic Training on Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9450. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189450

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