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Predisposing Factors and Impact of Child Victimization: A Qualitative Study

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Department of Family Medicine, Health Campus, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Malaysia
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Women’s Health Development Unit, Health Campus, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Malaysia
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Department of Pediatrics, Health Campus, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Malaysia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9373; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179373
Received: 22 July 2021 / Revised: 2 September 2021 / Accepted: 3 September 2021 / Published: 5 September 2021
Sexual abuse of children is increasing at an alarming rate. This study aims to describe the risk factors and the effects of sexual abuse on children. This unobtrusive qualitative study was conducted on children aged 10 to 18 years old who experienced sexual abuse and followed-up at a psychiatric clinic between the years 2019 and 2021. The information from case records was transcribed. Thematic analysis was performed. Thirty case records were reviewed. The mean age of the victims was 14.6 years; 94% of the victims had experienced vaginal penetration, and 23% of the cases involved incest. The results indicated that socio-psychological predisposing factors involving family structure and dynamic dysfunction, low intrapersonal strength, social influence, and low family socioeconomic status could lead to sexual victimization. This sexual victimization can then lead to emotional turmoil, negative effects on cognitive, academic and social function, negative parental reactions toward the incident, the creation of baby–mother relationships and love–hate relationships, and a lack of goals and hope for the future. Children who experienced sexual abuse may show rape or pregnancy symptoms but may also show entirely non-specific ones. A thorough examination of their history, including biopsychosocial aspects, is necessary to appropriately care for them. View Full-Text
Keywords: sex abuse; sex offense; incest; adolescents sex abuse; sex offense; incest; adolescents
MDPI and ACS Style

Wahid Satar, S.N.A.; Norhayati, M.N.; Sulaiman, Z.; Othman, A.; Yaacob, L.H.; Nik Hazlina, N.H. Predisposing Factors and Impact of Child Victimization: A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9373. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179373

AMA Style

Wahid Satar SNA, Norhayati MN, Sulaiman Z, Othman A, Yaacob LH, Nik Hazlina NH. Predisposing Factors and Impact of Child Victimization: A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9373. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179373

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wahid Satar, Siti N.A., Mohd N. Norhayati, Zaharah Sulaiman, Azizah Othman, Lili H. Yaacob, and Nik H. Nik Hazlina 2021. "Predisposing Factors and Impact of Child Victimization: A Qualitative Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9373. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179373

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