2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Study Setting
2.2. COVID-19 Pandemic in Texas
2.3. Measurement of Park Use by Children
2.4. Measurement of Variables That May Impact Park Use by Children
2.5. Measurement of COVID-19 Protective Health Behaviors by Children
2.6. Statistical Analyses
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Before COVID-19||During COVID-19|
|% of Total|
|% of Total|
|Female children (#)||5.76|
|Male children (#)||9.96|
|Female children—sedentary (#)||1.81|
|Female children—light-to-moderate physical activity (#)||3.15|
|Female children—vigorous physical activity (#)||0.80|
|Male children—sedentary (#)||2.44|
|Male children—light-to-moderate physical activity (#)||5.54|
|Male children—vigorous physical activity (#)||1.98|
|Weekend (1 = weekend day)||0.17|
|Rain during observation (1 = rain)||0.02|
|Average heat index 16:00–18:30 (°C)||30.46|
|Pandemic (1 = during pandemic) 1||0.54 **|
|Weekend (1 = weekend day) 1||1.15|
|Rain during observation (1 = rain) 1||0.06 *|
|Average heat index 16:00–18:30 (°C) 1||1.00|
|Intervention park (1 = intervention)||0.79|
|Low-green park (1 = low-green)||1.21|
|Variables||% of Total (Count)|
|Female children who maintained social distance (≥ six feet)||39.4%|
|Male children who maintained social distance (≥ six feet)||26.4%|
|Observations where all children wore face coverings||6.0%|
|Observations where some children wore face coverings||2.2%|
|Observations where no children wore face coverings||91.8%|
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