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Article

A Longitudinal Analysis of Alcohol Use Behavior among Korean Adults and Related Factors: A Latent Class Growth Model

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Nursing, College of Nursing and Health, Kongju National University, Gongju-si 32588, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Eulji University, Uijeongbu-si 11759, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nigar Nargis, Ce Shang and Frank J. Chaloupka
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8797; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168797
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 17 August 2021 / Published: 20 August 2021
This study classified the changes in alcohol use behavior among Korean adults and explored the related factors. The study used data from the 4th (2009) to 14th (2019) waves of the Korean Welfare Panel Study. The subjects were 8267 adults aged 19–60 years. Latent class growth analysis was used to classify the latent classes of alcohol use behavior among Korean adults, and logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the specific factors that form the classes. Additionally, the 11-year trajectories of major variables associated with alcohol use behavior for the derived classes were analyzed using growth mixture modeling. Four classes were identified according to the trajectories of alcohol use behavior. There were statistically significant differences in the trajectories of depression, self-esteem, satisfaction in family relationships, and satisfaction in leisure activities according to the class of alcohol use behavior. In particular, self-esteem and satisfaction in family relationships indicated distinctly decreasing trajectories in the low- to moderate-risk class, which suggested the need for longitudinal analysis of the factors that influence alcohol use behavior. Moreover, it is recommended that interventions for the prevention of high-risk drinking target not only individuals but also family units. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol use behavior; Korean adults; latent class growth analysis; growth mixture modeling; Korean Welfare Panel Study alcohol use behavior; Korean adults; latent class growth analysis; growth mixture modeling; Korean Welfare Panel Study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baek, S.; Choi, E.-H. A Longitudinal Analysis of Alcohol Use Behavior among Korean Adults and Related Factors: A Latent Class Growth Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8797. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168797

AMA Style

Baek S, Choi E-H. A Longitudinal Analysis of Alcohol Use Behavior among Korean Adults and Related Factors: A Latent Class Growth Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8797. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168797

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baek, Suyon, and Eun-Hi Choi. 2021. "A Longitudinal Analysis of Alcohol Use Behavior among Korean Adults and Related Factors: A Latent Class Growth Model" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8797. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168797

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