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Article

Declared Reasons for Cessation of Breastfeeding during the First Year of Life: An Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain

1
Faculty of Nursing, University of Cantabria, Avda Valdecilla s/n. C.P., 39008 Santander, Spain
2
Pediatrics Section, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, 39008 Santander, Spain
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IDIVAL, Grupo de Investigación en Derecho Sanitario y Bioética, GRIDES, C/Cardenal Herrera Oria s/n. C.P., 39011 Santander, Spain
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Faculty of Law, University of Cantabria, Avda. de los Castros s/n. C.P., 39005 Santander, Spain
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Avenida del Cardenal Herrera Oria 2, C.P., 39010 Santander, Spain
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CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), C.P., 28029 Madrid, Spain
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IDIVAL, C/Cardenal Herrera Oria s/n. C.P., 39011 Santander, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Shared first authorship.
Shared senior authorship.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8414; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168414
Received: 1 July 2021 / Revised: 7 August 2021 / Accepted: 8 August 2021 / Published: 9 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Research)
Background: Breastfeeding is the gold standard of infant feeding due to the many advantages it offers to both the child and the mother. Objective: To identity the main reasons for cessation of breastfeeding reported by mothers during the first year of life. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted, recruiting 970 infants from a university hospital in Spain. The main maternal variables studied were maternal age, parity, educational level, work occupation, smoking habit, weeks of gestation at birth, birth weight, feeding type, and duration of breastfeeding. All participants were followed for one year to determinate the duration of breastfeeding and to gather reasons for abandoning breastfeeding. Results: At six months, the percentage of breastfeeding experienced a decline of 50%, and only 24.5% of these mothers maintained breastfeeding. Up to 15.8% of the mothers decided to give up exclusive breastfeeding by their own choice, whereas 15.4% did so because they suspected low milk production. Work-related causes represent the third reason of abandonment. Conclusions: Our results highlight the need to improve the health policies for the promotion, protection, and support for the initiation and maintenance of breastfeeding. In particular, our results highlight the importance of researching women’s low milk production and work-related factors, with particular emphasis on improving conciliation measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastfeeding; evidence-based nursing; health promotion; women’s health; newborn breastfeeding; evidence-based nursing; health promotion; women’s health; newborn
MDPI and ACS Style

Lechosa-Muñiz, C.; Paz-Zulueta, M.; Cayón-De las Cuevas, J.; Llorca, J.; Cabero-Pérez, M.J. Declared Reasons for Cessation of Breastfeeding during the First Year of Life: An Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168414

AMA Style

Lechosa-Muñiz C, Paz-Zulueta M, Cayón-De las Cuevas J, Llorca J, Cabero-Pérez MJ. Declared Reasons for Cessation of Breastfeeding during the First Year of Life: An Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lechosa-Muñiz, Carolina, María Paz-Zulueta, Joaquín Cayón-De las Cuevas, Javier Llorca, and María J. Cabero-Pérez 2021. "Declared Reasons for Cessation of Breastfeeding during the First Year of Life: An Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168414

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