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Article

The Impact of Organised Sport, Physical Education and Active Commuting on Physical Activity in a Sample of New Zealand Adolescent Females

1
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Level 7, Science 2 Building, 70 Union Street, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
2
Division of Sciences, University of Otago, 85 Union Place West, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 8077; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158077
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 23 July 2021 / Accepted: 28 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
Background: The majority of adolescents do less physical activity than is recommended by the World Health Organization. Active commuting and participation in organised sport and/or physical education individually have been shown to increase physical activity in adolescents. However, how these domains impact physical activity both individually and in combination has yet to be investigated in a sample of New Zealand female adolescents from around the country. Methods: Adolescent females aged 15–18 y (n = 111) were recruited from 13 schools across eight locations throughout New Zealand to participate in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed questions about active commuting, and participation in organised sport and physical education, before wearing an Actigraph GT3X (Actigraph, Pensacola, FL, USA) +24 h a day for seven consecutive days to determine time spent in total, MVPA and light physical activity. Results: Active commuters accumulated 17 min/d (95% CI 8 to 26 min/d) more MVPA compared to those who did not. Those who participated in sport accumulated 45 min/d (95% CI 20 to 71 min/d) more light physical activity and 14 min/d (95% CI 5 to 23 min/d) more MVPA compared to those who did not. Participation in physical education did not seem to have a large impact on any component of physical activity. Participation in multiple domains of activity, e.g., active commuting and organised sport, was associated with higher accumulation of MVPA but not light activity. Conclusion Active commuting and sport both contribute a meaningful amount of daily MVPA. Sport participation has the potential to increase overall activity and displace sedentary behaviour. A combination of physical activity domains may be an important consideration when targeting ways to increase physical activity in adolescent females. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; active commuting; organised sport; physical education physical activity; active commuting; organised sport; physical education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gale, J.T.; Haszard, J.J.; Scott, T.; Peddie, M.C. The Impact of Organised Sport, Physical Education and Active Commuting on Physical Activity in a Sample of New Zealand Adolescent Females. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8077. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158077

AMA Style

Gale JT, Haszard JJ, Scott T, Peddie MC. The Impact of Organised Sport, Physical Education and Active Commuting on Physical Activity in a Sample of New Zealand Adolescent Females. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):8077. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gale, Jennifer T., Jillian J. Haszard, Tessa Scott, and Meredith C. Peddie 2021. "The Impact of Organised Sport, Physical Education and Active Commuting on Physical Activity in a Sample of New Zealand Adolescent Females" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 8077. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18158077

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