Next Article in Journal
Pristine and Magnetic Kenaf Fiber Biochar for Cd2+ Adsorption from Aqueous Solution
Previous Article in Journal
Spatial Disparity and Influencing Factors of Coupling Coordination Development of Economy–Environment–Tourism–Traffic: A Case Study in the Middle Reaches of Yangtze River Urban Agglomerations
Article

Differences in Incidence of Acute Viral Hepatitis between Foreigners and Autochthonous Population in Italy

1
National Center for Global Health, National Institute of Health, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University “La Sapienza”, 00185 Rome, Italy
3
Health Management, Sant’Andrea Hospital, 00189 Rome, Italy
4
Health Unit, National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The list of members of the SEIEVA Collaborating Group is shown in Acknowledgments.
Academic Editor: Jimmy T. Efird
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7944; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157944
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 23 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Background: In European countries, the prevalence of HBV and HCV in refugees and migrants tends to reflect the prevalence in their countries of origin. The aim of this study is to analyse acute viral hepatitis cases diagnosed in Italy among foreign citizens and to compare incidence rates in foreigners and Italians. Methods: We analysed the cases of each viral hepatitis type among foreigners. Standardised incidence rates were compared between natives and foreigners. Results: Between 2004 and 2019, 15,872 cases of acute viral hepatitis were notified by 10 Italian regions, 14.8% among foreign citizens. Until 2012, the percentage increased gradually, while a fluctuating trend set in from 2013 onwards; in 2019, 23.9% of cases were foreigners. Data from the SEIEVA surveillance show higher standardised incidence rates of hepatitis A and B among foreign citizens; no significant difference emerged between Italians and foreigners in terms of their hepatitis C incidence. Conclusions: foreign citizens have an increased incidence of hepatitis A and B. Regarding hepatitis A, vaccination is strongly recommended to foreigners travelling to their countries of origin. Screening tests for hepatitis B and C infection should be offered to newly arrived migrants from high prevalence countries, or having specific risk factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute viral hepatitis; incidence; foreign citizens; Italy acute viral hepatitis; incidence; foreign citizens; Italy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

D’Angelo, F.; Ferrigno, L.; Mele, A.; Alfonsi, V.; Declich, S.; De Ponte, G.; Crateri, S.; Burgio, A.; Caminada, S.; Tosti, M.E.; on behalf of The SEIEVA Collaborating Group. Differences in Incidence of Acute Viral Hepatitis between Foreigners and Autochthonous Population in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157944

AMA Style

D’Angelo F, Ferrigno L, Mele A, Alfonsi V, Declich S, De Ponte G, Crateri S, Burgio A, Caminada S, Tosti ME, on behalf of The SEIEVA Collaborating Group. Differences in Incidence of Acute Viral Hepatitis between Foreigners and Autochthonous Population in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157944

Chicago/Turabian Style

D’Angelo, Franca, Luigina Ferrigno, Annamaria Mele, Valeria Alfonsi, Silvia Declich, Giulia De Ponte, Simonetta Crateri, Alessandra Burgio, Susanna Caminada, Maria E. Tosti, and on behalf of The SEIEVA Collaborating Group. 2021. "Differences in Incidence of Acute Viral Hepatitis between Foreigners and Autochthonous Population in Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157944

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop