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Comparative Evaluation of Occlusion before and after Soft Tissue Mobilization in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorder—Myofascial Pain with Referral
Review

Temporomandibular Myofascial Pain Syndrome—Aetiology and Biopsychosocial Modulation. A Narrative Review

1
Department of General Dentistry, Medical University of Lodz, 251 Pomorska St., 92-213 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Medical University of Bialystok, 24 A M. Sklodowskiej-Curie St., 15-276 Bialystok, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joerg Eberhard
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7807; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157807
Received: 9 June 2021 / Revised: 7 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 23 July 2021
This review elaborates on the aetiology, diagnosis, and treatment of temporomandibular (TMD) myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) regulated by psychosocial factors. MPS impairs functioning in society due to the accompanying pain. Directed and self-directed biopsychosocial profile modulation may be beneficial in the treatment of MPS. Moreover, nutrition is also a considerable part of musculoskeletal system health. A fruit and vegetable diet contributes to a reduction in chronic pain intensity because of its anti-inflammatory influence. Cannabidiol (CBD) oils may also be used in the treatment as they reduce stress and anxiety. A promising alternative treatment may be craniosacral therapy which uses gentle fascia palpation techniques to decrease sympathetic arousal by regulating body rhythms and release fascial restrictions between the cranium and sacrum. MPS is affected by the combined action of the limbic, autonomic, endocrine, somatic, nociceptive, and immune systems. Therefore, the treatment of MPS should be deliberated holistically as it is a complex disorder. View Full-Text
Keywords: temporomandibular myofascial pain syndrome; biopsychosocial profile modulation; limbic system; stress; bruxism temporomandibular myofascial pain syndrome; biopsychosocial profile modulation; limbic system; stress; bruxism
MDPI and ACS Style

Golanska, P.; Saczuk, K.; Domarecka, M.; Kuć, J.; Lukomska-Szymanska, M. Temporomandibular Myofascial Pain Syndrome—Aetiology and Biopsychosocial Modulation. A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7807. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157807

AMA Style

Golanska P, Saczuk K, Domarecka M, Kuć J, Lukomska-Szymanska M. Temporomandibular Myofascial Pain Syndrome—Aetiology and Biopsychosocial Modulation. A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7807. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Golanska, Paulina, Klara Saczuk, Monika Domarecka, Joanna Kuć, and Monika Lukomska-Szymanska. 2021. "Temporomandibular Myofascial Pain Syndrome—Aetiology and Biopsychosocial Modulation. A Narrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7807. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157807

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