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Development and Validation of Nurses’ Well-Being and Caring Nurse–Patient Interaction Model: A Psychometric Study

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Department of Nursing, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Hualien 970, Taiwan
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Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan
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Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University, Taipei 100, Taiwan
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Nursing Committee, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Hualien 970, Taiwan
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Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Hualien 970, Taiwan
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Medical Department, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan
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Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan
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Doctoral Degree Program in Translational Medicine, Tzu Chi University and Academia Sinica, Hualien 97004, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7750; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157750
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 18 July 2021 / Accepted: 19 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
Nurses’ care nurse–patient interaction (CNPI) competence is critical for improving nursing care quality. The focus is the psychological quality of nurses, which may be derived from their sense of well-being. The purpose of this study was to develop a conceptual model of nurses’ well-being and their CNPI competence. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a total of 212 valid questionnaires obtained from a medical center. Structural equation modeling analysis was performed to validate the conceptual model. The results demonstrated the positive correlation between two constructs of nurses’ well-being (“contentment” and “joyfulness”) and CNPI competence. A positive correlation between nurses’ CNPI competence and their health-promoting lifestyle and work environment satisfaction was supported. Among the constructs of CNPI competence, “respect patients’ life experience” was the most correlated with their well-being, health-promoting lifestyle, and work environment satisfaction. The constructs of these three scales, which showed a middle correlation with CNPI competence, are psychological constructs rather than material constructs. When nurses have a greater sense of well-being, a positive attitude towards life, and feel supported and respected in their work environment, their CNPI competence increases. The findings of this study provide important insights and can serve as empirical evidence for nursing managers to enhance nurses’ CNPI competence. View Full-Text
Keywords: care nurse–patient interaction; health-promoting; well-being; work environment satisfaction; structural equation modeling care nurse–patient interaction; health-promoting; well-being; work environment satisfaction; structural equation modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chung, H.-C.; Chen, Y.-C.; Chang, S.-C.; Hsu, W.-L.; Hsieh, T.-C. Development and Validation of Nurses’ Well-Being and Caring Nurse–Patient Interaction Model: A Psychometric Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7750. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157750

AMA Style

Chung H-C, Chen Y-C, Chang S-C, Hsu W-L, Hsieh T-C. Development and Validation of Nurses’ Well-Being and Caring Nurse–Patient Interaction Model: A Psychometric Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7750. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157750

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chung, Hui-Chun, Yueh-Chih Chen, Shu-Chuan Chang, Wen-Lin Hsu, and Tsung-Cheng Hsieh. 2021. "Development and Validation of Nurses’ Well-Being and Caring Nurse–Patient Interaction Model: A Psychometric Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7750. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157750

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