Next Article in Journal
An Analysis of COVID-19 Global Guidelines Published in the Early Phase of the Pandemic for People with Disabilities
Previous Article in Journal
Nutrition Education Programs Aimed at African Mothers of Infant Children: A Systematic Review
 
 
Article

Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Disease Measures from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study

1
Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Elm & Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
2
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Tobacco Products, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
3
National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
4
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, The C. Everette Koop Institute at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
5
Westat, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
6
US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
7
Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
8
Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7692; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147692
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 17 July 2021 / Published: 20 July 2021
Background: Cardiovascular disease is a key health condition associated with tobacco use; however, clinical measures are not typically possible in population-based studies. In this paper, we assess the reliability and validity of self-reported cardiovascular risk factors and diseases in a large nationally representative study of tobacco use and health outcomes. Methods: This paper analyzes self-reported cardiovascular risk factors and disease among adults age 40 years and older based on U.S. nationally representative data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (self-reported high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and family history of premature heart disease, BMI ≥ 35, and tobacco use) and cardiovascular disease (self-reported heart attack, stroke and/or congestive heart failure (CHF)) were considered along with ratings of physical functioning, fatigue, and general health. Results: Self-reported cardiovascular disease was found to be associated with functional health measures (walking up a flight of stairs) and general ratings of health. Prospective analyses found strong correlations between sequential data collection waves for history of hypertension, elevated cholesterol and CHF, while more modest correlations were noted for stroke and heart attack. The overall prevalence of cardiovascular disease and hypertension was comparable to those from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Conclusions: These analyses suggest reliability and concurrent validity regarding self-reported cardiovascular risk factors and disease assessed in the PATH Study. View Full-Text
Keywords: survey methods; validity; health behavior; cardiovascular outcomes survey methods; validity; health behavior; cardiovascular outcomes
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mahoney, M.C.; Rivard, C.; Hammad, H.T.; Blanco, C.; Sargent, J.; Kimmel, H.L.; Wang, B.; Halenar, M.J.; Kang, J.C.; Borek, N.; Cummings, K.M.; Lauten, K.; Goniewicz, M.L.; Hatsukami, D.; Sharma, E.; Taylor, K.; Hyland, A. Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Disease Measures from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147692

AMA Style

Mahoney MC, Rivard C, Hammad HT, Blanco C, Sargent J, Kimmel HL, Wang B, Halenar MJ, Kang JC, Borek N, Cummings KM, Lauten K, Goniewicz ML, Hatsukami D, Sharma E, Taylor K, Hyland A. Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Disease Measures from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147692

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahoney, Martin C., Cheryl Rivard, Hoda T. Hammad, Carlos Blanco, James Sargent, Heather L. Kimmel, Baoguang Wang, Michael J. Halenar, Jueichuan Connie Kang, Nicolette Borek, K. Michael Cummings, Kristin Lauten, Maciej L. Goniewicz, Dorothy Hatsukami, Eva Sharma, Kristie Taylor, and Andrew Hyland. 2021. "Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Disease Measures from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147692

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop