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Review

The Role of Myofunctional Therapy in Treating Sleep-Disordered Breathing: A State-of-the-Art Review

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset, 46017 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital QuironSalud Marbella, 29603 Marbella, Spain
3
Rhinology Study Group of the Young-Otolaryngologists of the International Federations of Otorhinolaryngological Societies (YO-IFOS), 13005 Marseille, France
4
Service of Otolaryngology, Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karen Spruyt
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7291; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147291
Received: 19 June 2021 / Accepted: 5 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: From Symptoms to Treatment)
Myofunctional therapy (MFT) may have a role in improving muscle tone and alleviating upper airway collapse in sleep-disordered breathing. The purposes of this state-of-the-art review are to first review systematically the current literature on the effectiveness of MFT in treating sleep-disordered breathing and then to provide an overview of the current understanding of patient selection, side effects, type and duration of exercises, guidance of exercise performance, evaluation of results, and how best to promote adherence. PubMed (Medline), the Cochrane Library, and the EMBASE, Scopus and SciELO databases were checked for relevant studies by three authors, and a total of 23 studies were included. This review focuses only on adults with sleep-disordered breathing. The available evidence shows a positive effect of MFT in reducing sleep apnoea, as measured using polysomnography and clinical variables (including snoring). There is no evidence of the utility of MFT for treating upper airway resistance syndrome, the duration of the effects of MFT, or regarding which MFT protocol is best. Despite these knowledge gaps, the available evidence suggests that MFT is a safe treatment modality. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep apnoea; obstructive; myofunctional therapy; snoring sleep apnoea; obstructive; myofunctional therapy; snoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carrasco-Llatas, M.; O’Connor-Reina, C.; Calvo-Henríquez, C. The Role of Myofunctional Therapy in Treating Sleep-Disordered Breathing: A State-of-the-Art Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147291

AMA Style

Carrasco-Llatas M, O’Connor-Reina C, Calvo-Henríquez C. The Role of Myofunctional Therapy in Treating Sleep-Disordered Breathing: A State-of-the-Art Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147291

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carrasco-Llatas, Marina, Carlos O’Connor-Reina, and Christian Calvo-Henríquez. 2021. "The Role of Myofunctional Therapy in Treating Sleep-Disordered Breathing: A State-of-the-Art Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147291

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