Next Article in Journal
Use of the Barthel Index to Assess Activities of Daily Living before and after SARS-COVID 19 Infection of Institutionalized Nursing Home Patients
Next Article in Special Issue
Identifying Factors Influencing Attention in Adolescents with a Co-Created Questionnaire: A Citizen Science Approach with Secondary Students in Barcelona, Spain
Previous Article in Journal
The Comparison of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Mental Health between Early Menopausal Women and Age-Matched General Middle-Aged Women
Previous Article in Special Issue
Positive Adolescent Development: Effects of a Psychosocial Intervention Program in a Rural Setting
Article

Academic Stress, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Mental Health among Chinese Adolescents

1
Department of Human Movement Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
2
School of Physical Education, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
3
School of Sport Training, Nanjing Sport Institute, Nanjing 210014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lorena Charrier, Paola Dalmasso, Paola Nardone and Paola Berchialla
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7257; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147257
Received: 6 June 2021 / Revised: 29 June 2021 / Accepted: 2 July 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of academic stress on physical activity and sleep, and subsequently their impacts on anxiety and depression. Methods: This cross-sectional study collected data from a convenience sample of 1533 adolescents in an eastern province in China. Surveys were used to collect data on academic stress, anxiety, depression, sleep, physical activity, and demographics. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and path analysis were used to analyze data. Results: The participants reported about 6.77 ± 0.89 h of sleep per day and 1.62 ± 1.79 days of 60 min of physical activity each week. Academic stress was positively correlated with anxiety and depression, which were negatively correlated with physical activity and sleep. The path analysis showed that academic stress directly predicted anxiety (β = 0.54) and depression (β = 0.55), and hours of sleep (β = 0.024) and the number of days of 60 min physical activity (β = 0.014) mediated the relation. Conclusion: The results largely supported our hypotheses and supported the need to lessen academic stress experienced by Chinese adolescents, in effort to enhance mental health indices directly, and by allowing for engagement in health-related behaviors such as physical activity and sleep. View Full-Text
Keywords: academic burden; anxiety; depression; mediation; youth; prevalence academic burden; anxiety; depression; mediation; youth; prevalence
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, X.; Haegele, J.A.; Liu, H.; Yu, F. Academic Stress, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Mental Health among Chinese Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7257. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147257

AMA Style

Zhu X, Haegele JA, Liu H, Yu F. Academic Stress, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Mental Health among Chinese Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7257. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147257

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhu, Xihe, Justin A. Haegele, Huarong Liu, and Fangliang Yu. 2021. "Academic Stress, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Mental Health among Chinese Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7257. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147257

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop