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Article

Assessment and Impact of the Risk of Exposure of Portuguese Biomedical Scientists in the Context of COVID-19

1
H&TRC—Health & Technology Research Center, Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde Instituto, Politécnico de Lisboa, 1990-096 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, 1990-096 Lisbon, Portugal
3
IHC—NOVA FCSH, Institute of Contemporary History, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 1069-061 Lisbon, Portugal
4
School of Applied Sciences, Abertay University, Dundee DD1 1HG, UK
5
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Environmental Health, University of Lisbon, 1649-028 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our conference paper published in Proceedings of the 3rd International Electronic Conference on Environmental Research and Public Health–Public Health Issues in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: online, 11–25 January 2021.
Academic Editor: Jon Øyvind Odland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 7097; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137097
Received: 29 April 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 25 June 2021 / Published: 2 July 2021
Currently, the main public health concern worldwide is the COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2, which was recently discovered and described. Due to its high pathogenicity and infectiousness, it is necessary to determine the risk healthcare professionals face every day while dealing with infected patients and contaminated biological samples. The purpose of this study was to assess Portuguese Biomedical Scientists’ risk of COVID-19 exposure and related stress appraisals. One hundred and forty participants completed online versions of the WHO’s Risk Assessment and Management of Exposure Survey and the Stress Appraisal Measure. Participants worked mainly in outpatient settings (45%), and in emergency services (28%). Twenty three percent of participants were exposed to COVID-19 through community exposure, and 39% through occupational exposure. Although 95% reported using personal protective equipment (PPE), 83.6% were at high risk of infection. However, the use of some types of PPE was related to the risk of exposure. Participants reported moderate perceptions of stress and threat, but also moderate perceptions of control over the situation. These results may contribute to a more efficient risk management of these professionals and prevent disease transmission in hospitals and communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk exposure; stress appraisal; biomedical scientist; COVID-19 risk exposure; stress appraisal; biomedical scientist; COVID-19
MDPI and ACS Style

Tavares, A.S.R.; Bellém, F.; Abreu, R.; Leitão, C.; Medeiros, N.; Alves, P.; Calmeiro, L. Assessment and Impact of the Risk of Exposure of Portuguese Biomedical Scientists in the Context of COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7097. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137097

AMA Style

Tavares ASR, Bellém F, Abreu R, Leitão C, Medeiros N, Alves P, Calmeiro L. Assessment and Impact of the Risk of Exposure of Portuguese Biomedical Scientists in the Context of COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):7097. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137097

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tavares, Ana S.R., Fernando Bellém, Renato Abreu, Céu Leitão, Nuno Medeiros, Patrícia Alves, and Luís Calmeiro. 2021. "Assessment and Impact of the Risk of Exposure of Portuguese Biomedical Scientists in the Context of COVID-19" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 7097. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137097

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