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Article

Factors Influencing Adjustment to Remote Work: Employees’ Initial Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic

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Amsterdam School of Communication Research, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Language and Communication Studies, University of Jyväskylä, Seminaarinkatu 15, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
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School of Business and Management, LUT University, Yliopistonkatu 34, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
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Faculty of Information Technology and Communication Sciences, Tampere University, Kalevantie 4, 33100 Tampere, Finland
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Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, 40, 00032 Helsinki, Finland
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UEF Business School, Kuopio Campus, University of Eastern Finland, 1627, 70211 Joensuu, Finland
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Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Aalto University, Maarintie 8, 00076 Aalto, Finland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jose M. León-Pérez, Mindy K. Shoss, Aristides I. Ferreira and Gabriele Giorgi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6966; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136966
Received: 29 May 2021 / Revised: 20 June 2021 / Accepted: 25 June 2021 / Published: 29 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Issues in Occupational Health Psychology)
The COVID-19 crisis has disrupted when, where, and how employees work. Drawing on a sample of 5452 Finnish employees, this study explores the factors associated with employees’ abrupt adjustment to remote work. Specifically, this study examines structural factors (i.e., work independence and the clarity of job criteria), relational factors (i.e., interpersonal trust and social isolation), contextual factors of work (i.e., change in work location and perceived disruption), and communication dynamics (i.e., organizational communication quality and communication technology use (CTU)) as mechanisms underlying adjustment to remote work. The findings demonstrate that structural and contextual factors are important predictors of adjustment and that these relationships are moderated by communication quality and CTU. Contrary to previous research, trust in peers and supervisors does not support adjustment to remote work. We discuss the implications of these findings for practice during and beyond times of crisis. View Full-Text
Keywords: work adjustment; remote work; structural factors; relational factors; contextual factors; COVID-19 pandemic work adjustment; remote work; structural factors; relational factors; contextual factors; COVID-19 pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

van Zoonen, W.; Sivunen, A.; Blomqvist, K.; Olsson, T.; Ropponen, A.; Henttonen, K.; Vartiainen, M. Factors Influencing Adjustment to Remote Work: Employees’ Initial Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6966. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136966

AMA Style

van Zoonen W, Sivunen A, Blomqvist K, Olsson T, Ropponen A, Henttonen K, Vartiainen M. Factors Influencing Adjustment to Remote Work: Employees’ Initial Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6966. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136966

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Zoonen, Ward, Anu Sivunen, Kirsimarja Blomqvist, Thomas Olsson, Annina Ropponen, Kaisa Henttonen, and Matti Vartiainen. 2021. "Factors Influencing Adjustment to Remote Work: Employees’ Initial Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6966. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136966

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