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Article

Physical Activity Level Following Resistance Training in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Receiving Home Care: Results from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Department of Sport, Food and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Education, Arts and Sports, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 6851 Sogndal, Norway
2
Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7030 Trondheim, Norway
3
Unicare Helsefort Rehabilitation Centre, 7112 Hasselvika, Norway
4
Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7030 Trondheim, Norway
5
Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Faculty of Health and Sport Science, University of Agder, 4604 Kristiansand, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: José Francisco Filipe Marmeleira, Armando de Mendoça Raimundo and Jesús del Pozo-Cruz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6682; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136682
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 22 June 2021
Older adults’ physical activity (PA) is low. We examined whether eight months of resistance training increased PA level in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care. A two-armed cluster-randomized trial using parallel groups was conducted. The included participants were >70 years and received home care. The resistance training group performed resistance training using body weight, elastic bands, and water canes twice per week for eight months. The control group was informed about the national PA guidelines and received motivational talks. The ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer was used to estimate PA. Outcomes included total PA (counts per minute), sedentary behavior (min/day), light PA (min/day), moderate-to-vigorous PA (min/day), and steps (mean/day). Between-group differences were analyzed using multilevel linear mixed models. Twelve clusters were randomized to either resistance training (7 clusters, 60 participants) or the control group (5 clusters, 44 participants). A total of 101 participants (median age 86.0 (interquartile range 80–90) years) had valid accelerometer data and were included in the analysis. There were no statistically significant between-group differences for any of the PA outcomes after four or eight months. This study offers no evidence of increased PA level following resistance training in older adults with home care. View Full-Text
Keywords: strength training; elderly; independent living; exercise; physical behavior strength training; elderly; independent living; exercise; physical behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bårdstu, H.B.; Andersen, V.; Fimland, M.S.; Aasdahl, L.; Lohne-Seiler, H.; Saeterbakken, A.H. Physical Activity Level Following Resistance Training in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Receiving Home Care: Results from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6682. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136682

AMA Style

Bårdstu HB, Andersen V, Fimland MS, Aasdahl L, Lohne-Seiler H, Saeterbakken AH. Physical Activity Level Following Resistance Training in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Receiving Home Care: Results from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6682. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136682

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bårdstu, Hilde Bremseth, Vidar Andersen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Lene Aasdahl, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, and Atle Hole Saeterbakken. 2021. "Physical Activity Level Following Resistance Training in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Receiving Home Care: Results from a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6682. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136682

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